Tatyana S. Kalinina

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Tryptophan hydroxylase-2 (TPH2), the rate-limiting enzyme in 5-HT synthesis in the brain, is a candidate for participation in a mechanism mediating the antidepressant effect of selective 5-HT reuptake inhibitors such as fluoxetine. Using real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and semi-quantitative RT-PCR techniques, we have(More)
Repeated forced swim resulted in a decrease in the concentrations of serotonin (5-HT) and its metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid in the hypothalamus and amygdala 24 h after the second swim session. This stressor also increased the mRNA levels for tryptophan hydroxylase-2, the rate-limiting enzyme in neuronal 5-HT synthesis, and 5-HT transporter in the(More)
Stress may predispose individuals toward depression through down-regulation of neurogenesis and increase in apoptosis in the brain. However, many subjects show high resistance to stress in relation to psychopathology. In the present study, we assessed the possibility that individual-specific patterns of gene expression associated with cell survival and(More)
Mechanisms underlying stress-induced depression and antidepressant drug action were shown to involve alterations in serotonergic (5-HT) neurotransmission and expression of genes coding for proteins associated with neurotrophic signaling pathways and cell-survival in the hippocampus and cortex. Expression of these genes in the brainstem containing 5-HT(More)
Brain alpha2-adrenergic receptors (alpha2-ARs) have been implicated in the regulation of anxiety, which is associated with stress. Environmental treatments during neonatal development could modulate the level of brain alpha2-AR expression and alter anxiety in adults, suggesting possible involvement of these receptors in early-life programming of anxiety(More)
The experiments has been designed to study unpredictable chronic mild stress effect on anti-depressive activities of amitriptyline (10 mg/kg) and fluoxetine (20 mg/kg) in forced swim test in male outbred mice. It is shown that acute treatment with fluoxetine does not produce any antidepressant effects in mice following stress of 14 days while the(More)
BACKGROUND Pancreatic cancer is still associated with devastating prognosis. Real progress in treatment options has still not been achieved. Therefore new models are urgently needed to investigate this deadly disease. As a part of this process we have established and characterized a new human pancreatic cancer cell line. METHODS The newly established(More)
Short-term knockdown of alpha2A-adrenergic receptor gene expression in the rat brain by siRNA or antisense oligodeoxynucleotide during the first days of life induced acute and long-lasting neurochemical and behavioral alterations. The acute effects in the neonatal rats were consistent with the known functions of the alpha2A-adrenergic receptors in the(More)
The effects of the serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluoxetine (FL) and its complexes with glycyrrhizic acid (GA) in molar ratios of 1:1 (FLG-1) and 4:1 (FLG-4) on the behavior of adult rats were studied in an elevated cross maze, with measurement of brain monoamine and monamine metabolite levels. Agents were given via the intragastric route using a cannula at(More)
Clinical observations and the results of animal studies have implicated changes in neuronal survival and plasticity in both the etiology of mood disorders, especially stress-induced depression, and anti-depressant drug action. Stress may predispose individuals toward depression through down-regulation of neurogenesis and an increase in apoptosis in the(More)