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—Current intrusion detection systems work in isolation from access control for the application the systems aim to protect. The lack of coordination and interoperation between these components prevents detecting and responding to ongoing attacks in real-time before they cause damage. To address this, we apply dynamic authorization techniques to support(More)
— Access control in computational grids is typically provided by a combination of identity certificates and local accounts. This approach does not scale as the number of users and resources increase. Moreover, identity-based access control is not sufficient because users and resources may reside in different security domains and may not have pre-existing(More)
Electronic transactions regularly occur between business partners in separate security domains. Trust negotiation is an approach that provides an open authentication and access-control environment for such transactions, but it is vulnerable to malicious attacks leading to denial of service or leakage of sensitive information. This paper introduces an(More)
We present a new model for authorization that integrates both local and distributed access control policies and that is extensible across applications and administrative domains. We introduce a general mechanism that is capable of implementing several security policies including role-based access control, Clark-Wilson, ACLs, capabilities , and lattice-based(More)
In a distributed multiuser environment, the security policy must not only specify legitimate user privileges but also aid in the detection of the abuse of the privileges and adapt to perceived system threat conditions. This paper advocates extending authorization policy evaluation mechanisms with a means for generating audit data allowing immediate(More)
Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." To view the entire list of current Internet-Drafts, please check the "1id-abstracts.txt" listing(More)
As web-based technologies mature, dynamic graphs of interlinked resources are replacing hierarchical catalogs as means for storing and organizing information. Such graphs,or semantic networks, often span multiple static and dynamic resources from a variety of sources. It is often highly desirable to give users access only to parts of the semantic network(More)
We present a new model that provides clear and precise semantics for authorization. The semantics is independent from underling security mechanisms and is separate from implementation. The model is capable of representing existing access control mechanisms. Our approach is based on set and function formalism. We focus our attention on identifying issues and(More)
This paper¢ presents an authorization framework for supporting fine-grained access control policies enhanced with lightweight intrusion/misuse detectors and response capabilities. The framework intercepts and analyzes access requests and dynamically adjusts security policies to prevent attackers from exploiting application level vulnerabilities. We present(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this article is to describe the development and testing of the Pediatric Emergency Decision Support System (PEDSS), a dynamic tool for pediatric victim disaster planning. DESIGN This is a descriptive article outlining an innovative automated approach to pediatric decision support and disaster planning. SETTINGS Disaster Resource(More)