Learn More
Neural stem cells from neurogenic regions of mammalian CNS are clonogenic in an in vitro culture system exploiting serum and anchorage withdrawal in medium supplemented with methyl cellulose and the pleiotropic growth factors EGF, FGF2, and insulin. The aim of this study was to test whether cortical glial tumors contain stem-like cells capable, under this(More)
Bone sarcomas are a clinically and molecularly heterogeneous group of malignancies characterized by varying degrees of mesenchymal differentiation. Despite advances in medical and surgical management, survival rates for high-grade tumors have remained static at 50% to 70%. Tumor stem cells have been recently implicated in the pathogenesis of other(More)
An important milestone in brain development is the transition of neuroprogenitor cells to postmitotic neurons. We report that the bZIP transcription factor ATF5 plays a major regulatory role in this process. In developing brain ATF5 expression is high within ventricular zones containing neural stem and progenitor cells and is undetectable in postmitotic(More)
Neural stem/progenitor cells are clonogenic in vitro and produce neurospheres in serum-free medium containing epidermal growth factor (EGF) and fibroblast growth factor (FGF2). Here, we demonstrate that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) instigated the clonal generation of neurospheres from dissociated mouse postnatal forebrain in the absence of EGF and FGF2. LPA(More)
The mechanisms that regulate neural progenitor cell differentiation are primarily unknown. The transcription factor activating transcription factor 5 (ATF5) is expressed in neural progenitors of developing brain but is absent from mature astrocytes and neurons. Here, we demonstrate that ATF5 regulates the conversion of ventricular zone (VZ) and(More)
The transcription factor ATF5 is expressed in cells of the embryonic and neonatal ventricular zone/subventricular zone (VZ/SVZ), and must be down-regulated for their differentiation into neurons and astrocytes. Here, we show that ATF5 plays a major role in directing oligodendrocyte development. ATF5 is expressed by oligodendrocyte precursors but is absent(More)
Neural stem cells (NSCs) in vitro are able to generate clonal structures, "neurospheres," that exhibit intra-clonal neural cell-lineage diversity; i.e., they contain, in addition to NSCs, neuronal and glial progenitors in different states of differentiation. The present study focuses on a subset of neurospheres derived from fresh clinical specimens of human(More)
We tested the hypothesis of whether overexpression of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) could be coupled with changes in specific mechanisms of antioxidant defense (in particular, transition of mitochondrial transmembrane potential, MTP) in tumor cells chronically exposed to anticancer drugs known to exert their cytotoxicity via oxidative stress. We show elevation of(More)
It has been shown that endoribonuclease activity of alpha-RNP particles and 26S proteasomes are changed under the action of inductors of programmed cell death. Treatment of K562 cells with inductors of apoptosis--doxorubicin (adriamycin) and diethylmaleate--lead to a significant stimulation of RNAse activity of alpha-RNP and to reduction of proteasome RNase(More)
The karyotype structure was studied for three cell lines obtained from cells of transgenic murine embryos at early stages of their establishment. The first line was obtained from a transgenic embryonic explantant containing oncogen v-sis under promotor MMTV, two other lines originated from cells of transgenic embryos containing oncogen k51. The karyotypic(More)