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To achieve an efficient intracellular drug and DNA delivery, attempts were made to target microparticulate drug carriers into cytoplasm bypassing the endocytotic pathway. TAT peptides derived from the HIV-1 TAT protein facilitate intracellular delivery of proteins and small colloidal particles. We demonstrated that relatively large drug carriers, such as(More)
A solid tumor is an organ composed of cancer and host cells embedded in an extracellular matrix and nourished by blood vessels. A prerequisite to understanding tumor pathophysiology is the ability to distinguish and monitor each component in dynamic studies. Standard fluorophores hamper simultaneous intravital imaging of these components. Here, we used(More)
Liposomes modified with TAT peptide (TATp-liposomes) showed fast and efficient translocation into the cell cytoplasm with subsequent migration into the perinuclear zone. TATp-liposomes containing a small quantity (<or=10 mol %) of a cationic lipid formed firm noncovalent complexes with DNA. Here, we present results demonstrating both in vitro and in vivo(More)
To develop targeted pharmaceutical carriers additionally capable of responding to certain local stimuli, such as decreased pH values in tumors or infarcts, targeted long-circulating PEGylated liposomes and PEG-phosphatidylethanolamine (PEG-PE)-based micelles have been prepared with several functions. First, they are capable of targeting a specific cell or(More)
An investigation of isolated and purified heart sarcoplasmic reticulum performed in the current study indicates the presence of significant creatine phosphokinase (CPK) activity in this preparation. The localization of CPK on the membrane of sarcoplasmic reticulum has been revealed also by an electron microscopic histochemical method. Under the conditions(More)
PURPOSE To characterize effects of combining radiofrequency (RF) ablation with proapoptotic intravenous liposome-encapsulated paclitaxel and doxorubicin on tumor destruction, apoptosis and heat-shock protein (HSP) production, intratumoral drug accumulation, and end-point survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS R3230 mammary adenocarcinomas (n = 177) were(More)
We have attempted to simplify the procedure for coupling various ligands to distal ends of liposome-grafted polyethylene glycol (PEG) chains and to make it applicable for single-step binding of a large variety of a primary amino group-containing substances, including proteins and small molecules. With this in mind, we have introduced a new amphiphilic PEG(More)
Certain amphiphilic water-soluble polymers including amphiphilic derivatives of polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) were found to be efficient steric protectors for liposomes in vivo. In this study, we have tried to develop synthetic pathways for preparing amphiphilic PVP and to investigate the influence of the hydrophilic/hydrophobic blocks on some properties of(More)
The over-expression of the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in cancer cells is one of the main reasons of the acquired Multidrug Resistance (MDR). Combined treatment of MDR cancer cells with P-gp inhibitors and chemotherapeutic agents could result in reversal of resistance in P-gp-expressing cells. In this study, paclitaxel (PTX) was co-encapsulated in actively(More)