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The human tumor/chick embryo model involving grafting of human HT-1080 fibrosarcoma cells on the chorioallantoic membrane was used in conjunction with quantitative real-time Alu PCR to select in vivo a pair of isogenic cell lines (HT-hi/diss and HT-lo/diss), dramatically differing in their ability to disseminate from the primary tumor (i.e., intravasate(More)
In rat adipose cells, intracellular Glut4 resides in two distinct vesicular populations one of which contains cellugyrin whereas another lacks this protein (Kupriyanova, T. A., and Kandror, K. V. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 36263--36268). Cell surface biotinylated MPR and (125)I-labeled transferrin are accumulated in cellugyrin-positive vesicles and to a(More)
According to established notion, one of the major angiogenesis-inducing factors, pro-matrix metalloproteinase-9 (proMMP-9), is supplied to the tumor microenvironment by tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). Accumulated evidence, however, indicates that tumor-associated neutrophils (TANs) are also critically important for proMMP-9 delivery, especially at(More)
Several lines of evidence have implicated matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) as a protease inducing an angiogenic switch critical for tumor progression. Among MMP-9-expressing cell types, including cancer cells and tumor-associated leukocytes, inflammatory neutrophils appear to provide an important source of MMP-9 for tumor angiogenesis. However, delivery(More)
We have demonstrated previously that new blood vessel formation induced by angiogenic growth factors in onplants placed on the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of the chick embryos is critically dependent on the cleavage of fibrillar collagen by a previously unidentified interstitial collagenase. In the present study we have used a quantitative CAM(More)
A proangiogenic function of tissue-infiltrating monocytes/macrophages has long been attributed to their matrix metalloproteinase-9 zymogen (proMMP-9). Herein, we evaluated the capacity of human monocytes, mature M0 macrophages, and M1- and M2-polarized macrophages to induce proMMP-9-mediated angiogenesis. Only M2 macrophages induced angiogenesis at levels(More)
Glut4-containing vesicles immunoadsorbed from primary rat adipocytes possess endogenous protein kinase activity and phosphorylation substrates. Phosphorylation of several vesicle proteins including Glut4 itself is rapidly activated by insulin. Wortmannin blocks the effect of insulin when added to cells in vivo prior to insulin administration. By means of(More)
To analyze the process of tumor cell intravasation, we used the human tumor-chick embryo spontaneous metastasis model to select in vivo high (PC-hi/diss) and low (PC-lo/diss) disseminating variants from the human PC-3 prostate carcinoma cell line. These variants dramatically differed in their intravasation and dissemination capacities in both chick embryo(More)
Although Glut4 traffic is routinely described as translocation from an "intracellular storage pool" to the plasma membrane, it has been long realized that Glut4 travels through at least two functionally distinct intracellular membrane compartments on the way to and from the cell surface. Biochemical separation and systematic studies of the individual(More)
Tumor-associated neutrophils contribute to neovascularization by supplying matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), a protease that has been genetically and biochemically linked to induction of angiogenesis. Specific roles of inflammatory neutrophils and their distinct proMMP-9 in the coordinate regulation of tumor angiogenesis and tumor cell dissemination,(More)