Tatyana Gorshkova

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Gelatinous fibres are specialized fibres, distinguished by the presence of an inner, gelatinous cell-wall layer. In recent years, they have attracted increasing interest since their walls have a desirable chemical composition (low lignin, low pentosan, and high cellulose contents) for applications such as saccharification and biofuel production, and they(More)
The review sums data indicating that, in many plant fibers, the secondary cell wall contains so-called gelatinous layers of peculiar structure along with those of common (xylan) structure. Sometimes these gelatinous layers comprise the main bulk of the cell wall. Key characteristics of gelatinous cell wall are presented and compared with those of classic(More)
Non-lignified fibre cells (named gelatinous fibres) are present in tension wood and the stems of fibre crops (such as flax and hemp). These cells develop a very thick S2 layer within the secondary cell wall, which is characterised by (1) cellulose microfibrils largely parallel to the longitudinal axis of the cell, and (2) a high proportion of(More)
The gelatinous type of secondary cell wall is present in tension wood and in phloem fibers of many plants. It is characterized by the absence of xylan and lignin, a high cellulose content and axially orientated microfibrils in the huge S2 layer. In flax phloem fiber, the major non-cellulosic component of such cell walls is tissue-specific galactan, which is(More)
Intrusive growth is a type of cell elongation when the rate of its longitudinal growth is higher than that of surrounding cells; therefore, these cells intrude between the neighboring cells penetrating the middle lamella. The review considers the classical example of intrusive growth, e.g., elongation of sclerenchyma fibers when the cells achieve the length(More)
Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) phloem fibers elongate considerably during their development and intrude between existing cells. We questioned whether fiber elongation is caused by cell tip growth or intercalary growth. Cells with tip growth are characterized by having two specific zones of cytoplasm in the cell tip, one with vesicles and no large organelles(More)
Contractile cell walls are found in various plant organs and tissues such as tendrils, contractile roots, and tension wood. The tension-generating mechanism is not known but is thought to involve special cell wall architecture. We previously postulated that tension could result from the entrapment of certain matrix polymers within cellulose microfibrils. As(More)
The fiber (in terms of plant biology) is an individual cell characterized by spindle shape, length of up to several centimeters, well developed cell wall, and mechanical function. The review summarizes different, sometimes contradictory view points about duration, segregation and mechanisms of realization of individual stages of fiber biogenesis. Initiation(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Plant cell enlargement is unambiguously coupled to changes in cell wall architecture, and as such various studies have examined the modification of the proportions and structures of glucuronoarabinoxylan and mixed-linkage glucan in the course of cell elongation in grasses. However, there is still no clear understanding of the mutual(More)
The physicochemical properties of flax fiber cell wall rhamnogalacturonan I (RG-I) and its fragments, obtained after galactanase treatment (fraction G1), were characterized. RG-I retains its hydrodynamic volume after its molecular weight decreases by approximately half, as revealed by SEC. Two techniques, DLS and NMR, with different principles of diffusion(More)