Tatyana D. Kolesnikova

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DNA in Drosophila melanogaster polytene chromosomes is known to be locally underreplicated in both pericentric and intercalary heterochromatin. When the SuUR gene is mutant, complete and partial suppression of underreplication are observed in intercalary and pericentric heterochromatin, respectively; in contrast, overexpression of SuUR results in stronger(More)
In D. melanogaster polytene chromosomes, intercalary heterochromatin (IH) appears as large dense bands scattered in euchromatin and comprises clusters of repressed genes. IH displays distinctly low gene density, indicative of their particular regulation. Genes embedded in IH replicate late in the S phase and become underreplicated. We asked whether(More)
Drosophila SUUR (Suppressor of UnderReplication) protein was shown to regulate the DNA replication elongation process in endocycling cells. This protein is also known to be the component of silent chromatin in polyploid and diploid cells. To mark the different cell cycle stages, we used immunostaining patterns of PCNA, the main structural component of(More)
The structural and functional analyses of heterochromatin are essential to understanding how heterochromatic genes are regulated and how centromeric chromatin is formed. Because the repetitive nature of heterochromatin hampers its genome analysis, new approaches need to be developed. Here, we describe how, in double mutants for Su(var)3-9 and SuUR genes(More)
Many late replicating regions are underreplicated in polytene chromosomes of Drosophila melanogaster. These regions contain silenced chromatin and overlap long syntenic blocks of conserved gene order in drosophilids. In this report we show that in D. melanogaster the underreplicated regions are enriched with fast-evolving genes lacking homologs in distant(More)
Different genomic regions replicate at a distinct time during S-phase. The SuUR mutation alters replication timing and the polytenization level of intercalary and pericentric heterochromatin in Drosophila melanogaster salivary gland polytene chromosomes. We analyzed SuUR in different insects, identified conserved regions in the protein, substituted(More)
In polytene chromosomes of Drosophila melanogaster, regions of pericentric heterochromatin coalesce to form a compact chromocenter and are highly underreplicated. Focusing on study of X chromosome heterochromatin, we demonstrate that loss of either SU(VAR)3-9 histone methyltransferase activity or HP1 protein differentially affects the compaction of(More)
The Suppressor of Underreplication ( SuUR) gene contributes to the regulation of DNA replication in regions of intercalary heterochromatin in salivary gland polytene chromosomes. In the SuUR mutant these regions complete replication earlier than in wild type and, as a consequence, undergo full polytenization. Here we describe the effects of ectopic(More)
The Suppressor of UnderReplication (SuUR) gene controls the DNA underreplication in intercalary and pericentric heterochromatin of Drosophila melanogaster salivary gland polytene chromosomes. In the present work, we investigate the functional importance of different regions of the SUUR protein by expressing truncations of the protein in an UAS–GAL4 system.(More)
Overexpression of Suppressor of Underreplication protein (SUUR) induces giant reversible swellings in intercalary and pericentric heterochromatin of salivary gland polytene chromosomes. Here, we demonstrate that morphology and extent of swellings are highly dependent on the fixation conditions used: upon glutaraldehyde fixation, we observed moderate(More)