Tatyana A Obozova

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New evidence of functional analogies and homologies of avian and mammalian brains is presented, as is a revised nomenclature of the most important brain structures. Comparative characteristics of the avian brain and criteria for its progressive development in the phylogeny have been considered. We studied the possibility to use Portmann’s index as one of(More)
A new original method to investigate some cognitive abilities of wild passerine birds was developed. In the course of experiments with five crossbills (Loxia curvirostra), it was shown that the method can be used to evaluate the ability of birds to form concepts. Crossbills were presented with pairs of stimuli each consisting of 1 to 10 equal elements. All(More)
An original method for studying cognitive abilities in largely wild passerine birds was developed. Studies of five crossbills (Loxia curvirostra) showed that this approach could be used to assess their ability to form concepts. All five crossbills learned selection rules for the “larger number” feature over the range “1–10.” The birds successfully(More)
The fact that antibiotics exert no effect on Mycobacterium tuberculosis may be attributable to the production of their persistent forms. A correlation was studied between the expression of the genes Rv3286c, Rv2626c, Rv2031, and Rv3133c and the phenotypical tolerance to antibiotics in relation to the physiological condition of M. bovis BCG. The anaerobic(More)
A set of string-pulling tasks was used to compare the cognitive abilities of birds with different levels of brain complexity, which was judged using Portmann’s index for the hemispheres. Varying the number and relative position of strings and bait, we investigated whether birds of different species (hooded crows (Corvus cornix), red crossbills (Loxia(More)
An experimental approach was created for the comparative investigation of the cognitive abilities of the glaucous-winged gull (Larus glaucescens) in their natural habitat. The territoriality of gulls during the breeding period and the fact that the gulls inhabiting the territory of the Komandorsky Reserve are practically not in fear of humans allowed us to(More)
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