Taturo Hayashida

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The objective of this study was to confirm electrophysiologically both the presence and course of uraemic neuropathy in haemodialysis patients. Nerve conduction studies of the lower extremities were done in 70 haemodialysis patients and 20 normal volunteers. Compared with that in normal volunteers, the distal motor latency in the tibial nerve of patients(More)
Vocal cord abductor paralysis (VCAP) is rare in Parkinson's disease (PD), while it is frequent in multiple system atrophy (MSA). Although VCAP is a life-threatening complication it has not yet been clarified whether there is any difference in the mechanism of VCAP between PD and MSA. Examining 3 autopsy-proven PD patients who developed severe VCAP requiring(More)
Bilateral vocal cord abductor paralysis (VCAP) is frequently associated with multiple system atrophy (MSA) and the early clinical manifestation of VCAP is nocturnal inspiratory stridor simulating heavy snoring observed in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. We examined six MSA patients with nocturnal stridor and four disease controls including(More)
OBJECTIVES Vocal cord abductor paralysis (VCAP) is a life threatening complication which may cause nocturnal sudden death in patients with multiple system atrophy. However, the early diagnosis of VCAP is often difficult to make on routine laryngoscopy performed during wakefulness, as stridor, which is the sole symptom of VCAP in the early stage, develops(More)
When recording the activity of the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle (PCA) with surface electrodes, there is contamination from the surrounding muscles such as the cricopharyngeal muscle. We therefore devised a new oesophageal catheter electrode of the separate type, having three individual surface electrodes for the PCA, cricopharyngeal muscle and diaphragm.(More)
Transcutaneous electrical stimulation applied to the vertebral column produces compound muscle action potentials (CMAPs) from the leg muscles. Using this method, we evaluated the efferent pathways of the lumbosacral nerve roots. The subjects were 26 healthy volunteers and 31 patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH). CMAP recordings were obtained from the(More)
In order to elucidate the clinical features and the prognosis for life in the patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA) presenting with vocal cord paralysis (VCP), we studied the correlation between VCP and other neurological findings including cerebellar, pyramidal, extrapyramidal and autonomic nervous signs. Subjects were 48 MSA patients: 23 with VCP(More)
AIM To identify lesions responsible for vocal cord abductor paralysis (VCAP) in multiple system atrophy (MSA), we performed a morphometric study of the nucleus ambiguus which innervates the intrinsic laryngeal muscles. METHODS Two autopsied cases of MSA presenting with VCAP and one control were examined. Both cases of MSA showed selective neurogenic(More)
We report chronological changes of neuro-otological findings and associated neuropathological findings in 2 patients. Concerning gaze limitation, upward gaze was primarily disturbed, followed by downward gaze and abduction. Adduction tended to be preserved although convergence was disturbed at the early stage. And, upward gaze limitation was followed by(More)
A 72-year-old man developed supranuclear ophthalmoplegia, bradykinesia, rigidity, unsteady gait, dementia, dysphagia, retrocollis, grasp reflex and apraxia of eyelid opening. These findings were compatible with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). At the age of 66, he presented a peculiar phenomenon characterized by simultaneous tonic contraction of the(More)