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Natural killer T (NKT) lymphocytes express an invariant T cell antigen receptor (TCR) encoded by the Valpha14 and Jalpha281 gene segments. A glycosylceramide-containing alpha-anomeric sugar with a longer fatty acyl chain (C26) and sphingosine base (C18) was identified as a ligand for this TCR. Glycosylceramide-mediated proliferative responses of Valpha14(More)
Extracellularly secreted peroxidases in cell suspension culture of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Bright Yellow-2, cell line BY-2) catalyse the salicylic acid (SA)-dependent formation of active oxygen species (AOS) which, in turn, triggers an increase in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration. Addition of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) to tobacco cell suspension(More)
Epigenetic silencing of genes by aberrant DNA methylation is recognized as a crucial component of the mechanism underlying tumorigenesis. However, the relationship between DNA methylation and the past lifestyle in cancer patients remains largely unknown. We examined the methylation statuses of 6 tumor-related genes, CDX2 (homeobox transcription factor),(More)
Salicylic acid (SA), the known mediator of systemic acquired resistance, induced stomatal closure of Vicia faba L. Application of SA to the epidermal peels evoked an elevation of chemiluminescence of Cripridina lucigenin-derived chemiluminescent reagent (CLA) which is sensitive to superoxide anion (O(2)(.-)). The SA-induced generation of chemiluminescence(More)
Hydrogen-oxidizing bacterium, Alcaligenes eutrophus autotrophically produces biodegradable plastic material, poly(D-3-hydroxybutyrate), P(3HB), from carbon dioxide, hydrogen, and oxygen. In autotrophic cultivation of the microorganism, it is essential to eliminate possible occurrence of gas explosions from the fermentation process. We developed a(More)
BACKGROUND The role of human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) 3 and HER4 has been elucidated in gastric cancer. HER1 and HER2 overexpression are regarded as prognostic factors and targets of treatment. The dimerization of the HER family receptors activates downstream signal pathways and promotes tumor progression. This study investigated the positive(More)
A lymphocyte subpopulation, the Valpha14 natural killer T (NKT) cells, expresses both NK1.1 and a single invariant T cell receptor encoded by the Valpha14 and Jalpha281 gene segments. Mice with a deletion of the Jalpha281 gene segment were found to exclusively lack this subpopulation. The Valpha14 NKT cell-deficient mice could no longer mediate the(More)
Cytidine monophospho-N-acetylneuraminic acid (CMP-NeuAc) hydroxylase, which is the key enzyme for the synthesis of N-glycolylneuraminic acid (NeuGc), has been purified from the cytosolic fraction of mouse liver, as described in our previous paper. The amino acid sequences of the purified CMP-NeuAc hydroxylase, and peptides obtained by lysylendopeptidase(More)
A multicenter randomised trial was conducted in nine neonatal centers in Japan to re-evaluate the safety and the efficacy of high frequency oscillatory ventilation using the piston type oscillator (Hummingbird) in the treatment of respiratory failure in preterm infants weighing between 750 and 2000 g at birth. A total of 92 infants were enrolled in the(More)
The balance between Th1 and Th2 development is determined by IL-4 and IL-12. While the role for CD4+ NK1.1+ T (NKT) cells in influencing this balance has been recognized based on their capacity to produce IL-4, it is unknown how IL-12 is produced in the innate immune system in which they participate. This study demonstrates that Ag-activated CD4+ NKT cells(More)