Tatsuya Yamashita

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Oxytocin (OT) is one of the secretagogues for stress-induced ACTH release. OT-induced ACTH release is reported to be mediated by the vasopressin V1b receptor in the rat pituitary gland, which contains both OT and V1b receptors. We examined OT-induced ACTH release using primary cultures of anterior pituitary cells from wild-type (V1bR+/+) and V1b receptor(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate American Diabetes Association (ADA) and World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) against pregnancy outcomes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This cohort study consecutively enrolled Brazilian adult women attending general prenatal clinics. All women were requested to undertake a(More)
PURPOSE Several single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the interleukin-28B (IL-28B) locus have recently been shown to be associated with antiviral treatment efficacy for chronic hepatitis C (CHC). However, such an association with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is unkno3 we investigated the association between the IL-28B genotype and the biology and(More)
The acyclic retinoid, peretinoin, has been shown to be effective for suppressing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence after definitive treatment in a small-scale randomized clinical trial. However, little has been documented about the mechanism by which peretinoin exerts its inhibitory effects against recurrent HCC in humans in vivo. Twelve hepatitis C(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The cholesterol absorption inhibitor ezetimibe has been shown to ameliorate non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) pathology in a single-armed clinical study and in experimental animal models. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of ezetimibe on NAFLD pathology in an open-label randomised controlled clinical trial. METHODS We had(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to examine whether metabolic abnormalities are responsible for the histological changes observed in Japanese patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) who have undergone serial liver biopsies. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In total, 39 patients had undergone consecutive liver biopsies. Changes in their(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the properties of CD4+CD25(high/low/negative) T cell subsets and analyze their relation with dendritic cells (DCs) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In HCC patients, the prevalence of CD45RO+ cells in CD4+CD25(high) T cells was increased and associated with higher frequencies of plasmacytoid DCs. Larger(More)
Three-dimensional ͑3D͒ optical waveguides were fabricated in a photopolymerizing resin mixture solution by using a multimode optical fiber, without any moving parts. The core portion has formed by the selective photopolymerization of a higher refractive index monomer by Ar ϩ laser irradiation through the optical fiber. A continuous, straight waveguide was(More)
To develop a non-invasive and sensitive diagnostic test for cancer using peripheral blood, we evaluated gene expression profiling of blood obtained from patients with cancer of the digestive system and normal subjects. The expression profiles of blood-derived total RNA obtained from 39 cancer patients (11 colon cancer, 14 gastric cancer, and 14 pancreatic(More)
The eligibility criteria of liver transplantation (LT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) must clearly confirm the prognosis not only from pathological diagnosis but also from pre-operative imaging diagnosis. In the present study, we evaluated published eligibility criteria for LT based on both pre-operative imaging diagnosis and pathological diagnosis(More)