Learn More
A major impediment to cancer treatment is the development of resistance by the tumor. P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) are involved in multidrug resistance. In addition to the extrusion of chemotherapeutic agents through these transporters, it has been reported that there are differences in the intracellular distribution of(More)
UNLABELLED To comprehensively characterize the contribution of virological factors as well as interleukin-28B (IL28B) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in determining treatment responses in pegylated-interferon plus ribavirin (Peg-IFN/RBV) therapy for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV)-1b infection, we undertook a retrospective cohort analysis for the(More)
Recently, microdomains of organelle membranes rich in sphingomyelin and cholesterol (called "lipid rafts") have been considered to act as a scaffold for the hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication complex. Using the HCV cell culture system, we investigated the effect of myriocin, a sphingomyelin synthesis inhibitor, on HCV replication. We also investigated the(More)
Myoblasts respond to growth factor deprivation either by diffentiation into multinucleated myotubes or by undergoing apoptosis. The induction of apoptosis and differentiation in myogenic lineage may use overlapping cellular mechanisms. Here we demonstrate that the expression of the small heat shock protein alphaB-crystallin as well as MyoD and myogenin is(More)
The major vault protein (MVP) is the major constituent of the vault particle, the largest ribonuclear protein complex described to date and is identical to lung resistance-related protein (LRP). Although MVP is also expressed in several normal tissues, little is known about its physiological role. MVP played a protective role against some xenobiotics and(More)
To comprehensively screen for genetic events underlying colorectal cancer, we performed suppression subtraction hybridization analysis on an advanced colon cancer. Because Dickkopf-4, a member of the Dickkopf family acting as a Wnt-signaling modulator, was identified as one of the upregulated genes in this specimen, we investigated expression profiles of(More)
The purpose of the present study was to examine whether cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) was implicated in the process of long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampal afferent fibre system to the prefrontal cortex in vivo. Using a biochemical approach, we measured PKA activity at different times after induction of LTP. We show that there is an NMDA(More)
An angiogenic factor, platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor/thymidine phosphorylase (TP), stimulates the chemotaxis of endothelial cells and confers resistance to apoptosis induced by hypoxia. 2-Deoxy-d-ribose, a degradation product of thymidine generated by TP enzymatic activity, partially prevented hypoxia-induced apoptosis. 2-Deoxy-d-ribose(More)
An angiogenic factor, thymidine phosphorylase (TP), confers resistance to apoptosis induced by hypoxia. We investigated the molecular basis for the suppressive effect of TP on hypoxia-induced apoptosis using Jurkat cells transfected with TP cDNA, Jurkat/TP, and a mock transfectant, Jurkat/CV. TP and 2-deoxy-d-ribose, a degradation product of thymidine(More)
Vaults are evolutionarily highly conserved ribonucleoprotein (RNP) particles with a hollow barrel-like structure. Although roles in multidrug resistance and innate immunity have been suggested, the physiological function of vaults remains unclear. Major vault protein (MVP), the main component of the vault particle, has been reported to be induced by(More)