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Mouse FBJ virus-induced osteosarcoma FBJ-S1 cells rich in GD1a are not readily metastatic, whereas FBJ-LL cells with low levels of GD1a are highly metastatic. GD1a was previously shown to suppress metastasis of mouse FBJ cells and to upregulate caveolin-1 and stromal interaction molecule 1 expression. The present study demonstrates that matrix(More)
Syntheses of oligosaccharides expressed on cells are indispensable for the improvement of the functional analyses of the oligosaccharides and their applications. We are developing saccharide primers for synthesizing oligosaccharides using living cells. In this study, dodecyl 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoside (GlcNAc-C12) and dodecyl(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a mesenchyme-derived, multifunctional protein that is implicated in tumor growth and invasive behavior. Some tumor cells express both HGF and its receptor MET, forming an autocrine loop that permanently activates it. Ganglioside GD1a suppresses metastatic capacity in murine FBJ osteosarcoma cells and MET(More)
GD1a was previously shown responsible for regulating cell motility, cellular adhesiveness to vitronectin, phosphorylation of c-Met and metastatic ability of mouse FBJ osteosarcoma cells. To determine the particular molecules regulated by GD1a, FBJ cells were assessed for tumor-related gene expression by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Caveolin-1 and stromal(More)
Inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) is over-expressed in a number of tumors and implicated in tumor growth and metastasis. Murine FBJ osteosarcoma-derived FBJ-S1 cells are poorly metastatic and express the ganglioside GD1a, whereas highly metastatic FBJ-LL cells only slightly express this ganglioside. The present study demonstrates that NOS2 is more(More)
Structural relationships among five beta-galactoside-binding lectins isolated from human, mouse and chick were studied using immunochemical methods. The lectins examined were human placenta lectin with a 14-kDa subunit (human 14K lectin), two types of mouse lectin (mouse 15K and mouse 16K lectin), and two types of chick lectin (chick 14K and chick 16K(More)
Ganglioside GD1a has been reported to suppress metastasis [S. Hyuga, S. Yamagata, Y. Takatsu, M. Hyuga, H. Nakanishi, K. Furukawa, T. Yamagata, Suppression of FBJ-LL cell adhesion to vitronectin by ganglioside GD1a and loss of metastatic capacity, International J. Cancer. 83 (1999) 685-691.] and MMP-9 production in mouse osteosarcoma FBJ cells [D. Hu, Z.(More)
OBJECTIVE We have previously shown GM3 to positively regulate TNF-alpha expression via a PI3K/Akt pathway in mouse melanoma B16 cells [Wang et al.: Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2007;356:438-443]. The GM3 signal was shown to be located upstream of Akt, but whether it is located upstream of PI3K and which molecule is the effector of PI3K remain to be clarified.(More)
Gelatin zymography is widely used to detect and evaluate matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) activity. MMP-9 transcription was previously shown to be negatively regulated by ganglioside GD1a [D. Hu, Z. Man, T. Xuan, P. Wang, T. Takaku, S. Hyuga, X.S. Yao, T. Sato, S. Yamagata, T. Yamagata, Ganglioside GD1a regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9)(More)
Ly-GDI, Rho GTPase dissociation inhibitor beta, was found to be expressed parallel to the GM3 level in mouse B16 cells whose GM3 contents were modified by B4galt6 sense, B4galt6 antisense cDNA, or St3galt5 siRNA transfection. Ly-GDI expression was increased on GM3 addition to these cells and decreased with D-PDMP treatment, a glucosylceramide synthesis(More)