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We present the results of searches for nucleon decay via n → ¯ νπ 0 and p → ¯ νπ þ using data from a combined 172.8 kt · yr exposure of Super-Kamiokande-I,-II, and-III. We set lower limits on the partial lifetime for each of these modes: τ n→¯ νπ 0 > 1.1 × 10 33 years and τ p→¯ νπ þ > 3.9 × 10 32 years at a 90% confidence level.
A search for the relic neutrinos from all past core-collapse supernovae was conducted using 1496 days of data from the Super-Kamiokande detector. This analysis looked for electron-type anti-neutrinos that had produced a positron with an energy greater than 18 MeV. In the absence of a signal, 90% C.L. upper limits on the total flux were set for several(More)
Self-incompatibility (SI) in the Solanaceae, Rosaceae and Scrophulariaceae is controlled by the polymorphic S locus, which contains two separate genes encoding pollen and pistil determinants in SI interactions. The S-RNase gene encodes the pistil determinant, whereas the pollen determinant gene, named the pollen S gene, has not yet been identified. Here, we(More)
The majority of flowering plants produce perfect flowers that contain both the male and female reproductive organs in close proximity; consequently, they would have a strong tendency to self-fertilize if there were no mechanisms to prevent them from doing so. Because inbreeding can result in reduced fitness in the progeny, hermaphroditic plants have adopted(More)
We previously identified both self-incompatible and self-compatible plants in a natural population of self-incompatible Petunia axillaris subsp. axillaris, and found that all the self-compatible plants studied carried either SC1- or SC2-haplotype. Genetic crosses showed that SC2 was identical to S17 identified from another natural population of P.(More)
Tetraploid sour cherry (Prunus cerasus) exhibits a genotype-dependent loss of gametophytic self-incompatibility that is caused by the accumulation of non-functional S-haplotypes with disrupted pistil component (stylar-S) and/or pollen component (pollen-S) function. Genetic studies using diverse sour cherry germplasm identified non-functional S-haplotypes(More)
Although Petunia axillaris subsp. axillaris is described as a self-incompatible taxon, some of the natural populations we have identified in Uruguay are composed of both self-incompatible and self-compatible plants. Here, we studied the self-incompatibility (SI) behavior of 50 plants derived from such a mixed population, designated U83, and examined the(More)
In plants, double fertilization requires successful sperm cell delivery into the female gametophyte followed by migration, recognition and fusion of the two sperm cells with two female gametes. We isolated a null allele (lre-5) of LORELEI, which encodes a putative glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored protein implicated in reception of the pollen tube(More)
Polarized cell elongation is triggered by small molecule cues during development of diverse organisms. During plant reproduction, pollen interactions with the stigma result in the polar outgrowth of a pollen tube, which delivers sperm cells to the female gametophyte to effect double fertilization. In many plants, pistils stimulate pollen germination.(More)
Petunia axillaris occurs in temperate South America and consists of three allopatric subspecies: axillaris, parodii, and subandina. Previous studies have revealed that subsp. axillaris is self-incompatible (SI), subsp. parodii is self-compatible (SC) in Uruguay, and subsp. subandina is SC in Argentina. The SI/SC status over the entire distribution range is(More)