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Genetic modification of the gerbil hippocampal neuronal cells in vivo helps us understand the mechanisms of neuronal function under various circumstances such as ischemic insult. In this study, we examined the distinct distribution of the recombinant adeno-associated virus type 2 (rAAV2) and rAAV5 vectors for gene delivery to primary cultured cells and the(More)
Age-related changes of strychnine-insensitive glycine receptors in the rat brain were studied through quantitative in vitro autoradiography with 3H-glycine. 3H-glycine binding sites were most concentrated in the hippocampus, cerebral cortex, and olfactory tubercle, and moderate densities of binding sites were located in the striatum, nucleus accumbens,(More)
N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are known to play an important role in learning and memory and to be involved in neuron cell death accompanying cerebral ischemia, seizures, and Alzheimer's disease. The NMDA receptor complex has been considered to consist of an L-glutamate recognition site, a strychnine-insensitive glycine modulatory site, and a(More)
Developmental changes in the response to ganglionic stimulants, nicotine and dimethylphenylpiperazinium, were investigated in rat isolated duodenum by recording isotonic mechanical activity. The duodenal response to nicotine/dimethylphenylpiperazinium (3 x 10(-7) to 10(-3) M) in neonatal rats was contraction, which was blocked by hexamethonium, tetrodotoxin(More)
Since standard aminoglycoside treatment progressively causes hearing disturbance with hair cell degeneration, systemic use of the drugs is limited. Adeno-associated virus (AAV)-based vectors have been of great interest because they mediate stable transgene expression in a variety of postmitotic cells with minimal toxicity. In this study, we investigated the(More)
Although it has been established that pancreatic cholecystokinin (CCK) receptors are coupled to phosphatidylinositol turnover, the events which follow activation of CCK receptors in the central nervous system have not received much attention. In this paper, changes in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]1) in response to CCK peptides were measured in(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor complex has been considered to consist of an L-glutamate recognition site, a strychnine-insensitive glycine modulatory site, and a voltage-dependent cation channel. In this study, an effect of age on NMDA antagonist binding sites was investigated through quantitative in vitro autoradiography with(More)
Arteriopathy of the central nervous system (CNS) complicated with ulcerative colitis is a rare condition, moreover the involvement of extracranial arteries has not been documented. An 18-year-old female complained of a severe pulsatile headache and nausea. She had been diagnosed and treated for ulcerative colitis for four years. Magnetic resonance imaging(More)
Receptors for excitatory amino acid, L-glutamate, have been classified into three subtypes named as N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), quisqualate (QA) and kainate receptors. In the present study, an effect of age on binding sites of [3H]alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (3H-AMPA), a QA agonist, was studied in the rat brain through(More)
The changes in the pharmacological responses to cesium were examined in streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetic mice. An acute administration of cesium chloride (10 mEqCs+/kg IP) to non-diabetic control mice elicited increased salivation and inhibition of respiration followed by death in about half of the animals examined. These effects of cesium were(More)