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treatment, thereby reducing the difference in treatment results among different institutions; (3) to reduce unnecessary costs and efforts; (4) help enable people to undergo treatment without anxiety. These guidelines provide only guidance on the indications for treatment and do not restrict or prohibit the use of any treatment deviating from those described(More)
Tissue-engineered cartilage may be expected to serve as an alternative to autologous chondrocyte transplantation treatment. Several methods for producing cartilaginous tissue have been reported. In this study, we describe the production of scaffold-free stiff cartilaginous tissue of pig and human, using allogeneic serum and growth factors. The tissue was(More)
The association of microRNAs (miRs) with cancer progression has been established in many cancers including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). A public microarray database showed that the expression of miR-150 was lower in ESCC than in normal esophageal mucosa. Here, we focused on ZEB1, epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT)-inducer, as a target(More)
BACKGROUND After esophagectomy a swallowing abnormality is the predominant symptom for esophageal cancer. The aims of this study were to examine (i) oropharyngeal swallowing by comparing pre- and postoperative period, and (ii) the relationship between oropharyngeal swallowing and the alimentary reconstruction route after esophagectomy. PATIENTS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Karyopherin-alpha 2 (KPNA2) is a member of the importin alpha family and has recently been reported to play an important role in tumorigenesis and tumor progression. The aim of the current study was to elucidate the clinicopathological significance of immunohistochemical expression of KPNA2 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). PATIENTS(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced protein 8 (TNFAIP8) is a suppressor of TNF-α mediated apoptosis, and its expression is induced by NF-κB activation. TNFAIP8 expression is significantly increased in various cancer cell lines. A correlation between TNFAIP8 overexpression, cancer progression, and poor prognosis has been described in many reports(More)
BACKGROUND Whether the administration of calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) can reduce oxaliplatin-related neurotoxicity remains controversial. In addition, little is known about the effects of Ca/Mg on the blood level of platinum or objective tumor progression. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients receiving modified FOLFOX6 for metastatic colorectal cancer were(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) levels were measured in patients with esophageal cancer to assess the value of VEGF-C as a biomarker for predicting tumor recurrence. PATIENTS AND METHODS Preoperative serum samples were acquired from 80 patients and healthy volunteers who served as normal controls. VEGF-C levels were(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C is known to be associated with angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in various cancers. However, little is known about the clinical significance of determining the blood level of VEGF-C in patients with colorectal cancer. METHODS Plasma levels of VEGF-C in patients with colorectal cancer (n = 127) and(More)
Osteoclasts are involved in bone resorption, and its activation is considered one of the causes of osteoporosis. The pit assay is the principal method for evaluating osteoclast function by measuring hydroxyapatite resorption in vitro. However, the pit assay requires time and trained techniques, including the pit image analysis, and there is no other easy(More)