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In order to investigate the mechanism of dystrophin localization in the central nervous system (CNS), we generated adenovirus vectors that contained minidystrophin or truncated minidystrophin cDNA. We infected a primary neuronal culture derived from mdx mouse hippocampus with these viruses. Minidystrophin was observed along the plasma membrane as punctate(More)
Unfolded protein responses, including induction of stress sensor kinases, chaperones, and apoptotic mediators, are involved in the familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) model related to mutant Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) and sporadic ALS. We hypothesized that the endoplasmic reticulum-resident factor Derlin-1 plays a pivotal role in the(More)
OBJECTIVE The characteristic pathological muscular findings of polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM) have been shown to reflect their different pathogeneses. Here, we characterized the muscle biopsy findings of PM and DM patients with or without malignancy. METHODS We evaluated the muscle biopsy findings of 215 consecutive PM and DM patients admitted(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported no difference in the efficacies of high-dose alternate-day (ADT) and daily-dose (DDT) prednisolone therapies in myositis patients, but that the incidence of side effects was lower in the former. The aim of the present study was to compare the long-term outcomes of both treatments in polymyositis patients. METHODS We(More)
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