Tatsuya Kikuchi

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Sessile bacteria show phenotypical, biochemical, and morphological differences from their planktonic counterparts. Curli, extracellular structures important for biofilm formation, are only produced at temperatures below 30 C in Escherichia coli K-12 strains. In this report, we show that E. coli K-12 can produce curli at 37 C when grown as a biofilm(More)
We report a new and facile method for synthesizing 3D platinum nanoflowers (Pt Nfs) on a scratched silicon substrate by electroless galvanic displacement and discuss the applications of the Pt Nfs in surface-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry (SALDI-MS). Surface scratching of n-type silicon is essential to induce Pt Nf growth on a(More)
We have designed and developed a small field of view gamma camera, the eZ SCOPE, based on use of a CdZnTe semiconductor. This device utilises proprietary signal processing technology and an interface to a computer-based imaging system. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of the eZ scope in comparison with currently employed gamma(More)
Donepezil hydrochloride is a potent and selective inhibitor for brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and is currently used worldwide for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Until now, there is no in vivo study on the relation between the plasma concentration and the brain AChE inhibition. The purpose of this study was to estimate in vivo plasma IC(50) of(More)
Multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) acts as a defense mechanism by pumping xenobiotics and endogenous metabolites out of the brain. The currently available techniques for studying brain-to-blood efflux have significant limitations related to either their invasiveness or the qualitative assessment. Here, we describe an in vivo method, which(More)
In Alzheimer's disease, cerebral cortical butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) activity is reported to be elevated. Our aim was to develop a novel (18)F-labeled tracer for quantifying cerebral BChE activity by positron emission tomography. With in vitro screening of N-[(14)C]ethylpiperidin-3- and 4-ylmethyl esters, N-[(14)C]ethylpiperidin-4-ylmethyl butyrate was(More)
A disturbance in redox balance has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a number of diseases. This study sought to examine the feasibility of imaging brain redox status using a (11)C-labeled dihydroquinoline derivative ([(11)C]DHQ1) for positron emission tomography (PET). The lipophilic PET tracer [(11)C]DHQ1 was rapidly oxidized to its hydrophilic form(More)
N-[(18)F]Fluoroethyl-4-piperidyl acetate ([(18)F]FEtP4A) was synthesized and evaluated as a PET tracer for imaging brain acetylcholinesterase (AchE) in vivo. [(18)F]FEtP4A was previously prepared by reacting 4-piperidyl acetate (P4A) with 2-[(18)F]fluoroethyl bromide ([(18)F]FEtBr) at 130 degrees C for 30 min in 37% radiochemical yield using an automated(More)
Multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) is a drug efflux transporter that has been implicated in the pathology of several neurological diseases and is associated with development of multidrug resistance. To enable measurement of MRP1 function in the living brain, a series of 6-halopurines decorated with fluorinated side chains have been synthesized(More)