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Donepezil hydrochloride is a potent and selective inhibitor for brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and is currently used worldwide for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Until now, there is no in vivo study on the relation between the plasma concentration and the brain AChE inhibition. The purpose of this study was to estimate in vivo plasma IC(50) of(More)
Sessile bacteria show phenotypical, biochemical, and morphological differences from their planktonic counterparts. Curli, extracellular structures important for biofilm formation, are only produced at temperatures below 30 C in Escherichia coli K-12 strains. In this report, we show that E. coli K-12 can produce curli at 37 C when grown as a biofilm(More)
In Alzheimer's disease, cerebral cortical butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) activity is reported to be elevated. Our aim was to develop a novel (18)F-labeled tracer for quantifying cerebral BChE activity by positron emission tomography. With in vitro screening of N-[(14)C]ethylpiperidin-3- and 4-ylmethyl esters, N-[(14)C]ethylpiperidin-4-ylmethyl butyrate was(More)
N-[(18)F]Fluoroethyl-4-piperidyl acetate ([(18)F]FEtP4A) was synthesized and evaluated as a PET tracer for imaging brain acetylcholinesterase (AchE) in vivo. [(18)F]FEtP4A was previously prepared by reacting 4-piperidyl acetate (P4A) with 2-[(18)F]fluoroethyl bromide ([(18)F]FEtBr) at 130 degrees C for 30 min in 37% radiochemical yield using an automated(More)
We report a new and facile method for synthesizing 3D platinum nanoflowers (Pt Nfs) on a scratched silicon substrate by electroless galvanic displacement and discuss the applications of the Pt Nfs in surface-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry (SALDI-MS). Surface scratching of n-type silicon is essential to induce Pt Nf growth on a(More)
Although the cleanliness of the angiography room and that of the operating room have long been equally attended to, the concept of Standard Precautions (including the basic measures and procedures to prevent infection) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 1996, as well as the introduction of transmission-based precautions, have been(More)
We have designed and developed a small field of view gamma camera, the eZ SCOPE, based on use of a CdZnTe semiconductor. This device utilises proprietary signal processing technology and an interface to a computer-based imaging system. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of the eZ scope in comparison with currently employed gamma(More)
OBJECTIVES Estimate the value of in vivo plasma IC50 of donepezil, the concentration of donepezil in plasma that inhibits brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity by 50% at the steady-state conditions of donepezil between the plasma and the brain. METHODS N-[C] methylpiperidin-4-yl acetate ([C]MP4A) positron emission tomography was performed in 16(More)
The activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is measured to obtain pathological information about the cholinergic system in various disease states and to assess the effect of AChE inhibitors. Using Ellman's method that is commonly used in such examinations, butyrylcholinesterase inhibitors must be added to measure AChE-specific activity because of low(More)