Tatsuya Hisajima

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Immunoglobulin A (IgA) lymphocytes are present close to the nerve fibers in the lamina propria of the small intestine, and the administration of lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) increases the number of these cells and IgA secretion to the lumen. In the present study, we demonstrated that the nerve fibers immunoreactive for vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP),(More)
The central and peripheral organization of thoracic visceral and somatic nervous elements was studied by applying dextran amines to the proximal cut ends of the thoracic splanchnic and somatic nerves in Xenopus laevis. Many labeled dorsal root ganglion cells of visceral afferents, and all somatic afferents, were located in a single ganglion of one spinal(More)
BACKGROUND Somatic afferent nerve stimuli are used for treating an overactive bladder (OAB), a major cause of nocturia in the elderly. Clinical evidence for this treatment is insufficient because of the lack of appropriate control stimuli. Recent studies on anesthetized animals show that gentle stimuli applied to perineal skin with a roller could inhibit(More)
For the purposes of comparative anatomy, we used tracer techniques and immunohistochemistry to study the facial nerve in the pit viper Gloydius brevicaudus and obtained much new data applicable to the function of this nerve in snakes and, in particular, pit vipers. We were able to identify the superior salivatory nucleus in these snakes. Preganglionic(More)
The present study showed neurons immunoreactive for choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) in the cranial sympathetic ganglia lying close to the trigeminal-facial nerve complex of the filefish. In these ganglia, less than 1% of ganglion cells were positive for choline acetyltransferase. Choline acetyltransferase-positive neurons were significantly larger than the(More)
We used transmission electron microscopic montages to examine the composition of nerve bundles serving the infrared pit organs of two species of crotaline snakes, Agkistrodon blomhoffii and A. brevicaudus. In the three main bundles, the myelinated fibers totaled 2,200-3,700, and unmyelinated fibers 2,400. We also discovered for the first time two accessory(More)
To investigate the relation between the enteric nervous system and immunocytes, fecal immunoglobulin (Ig) A and the distribution of IgA-positive cells close to nerve fibers in the lamina propria around the crypts of the small intestine were examined after intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharides (LPS). In mice, IgA in the feces 1 h (LPS1) and 6 h(More)
In an immunohistochemical study, the vagal motor nucleus of a teleost, the filefish Stephanolepis cirrhifer, could be divided into a rostral part and a caudal part, and the former into a dorsolateral group and a ventromedial group. The dorsolateral group consisted of neurons immunoreactive for calcitonin gene-related peptide, whereas the(More)
The pit organ of pit vipers contains a membrane which serves as an infrared retina, processing infrared information by the degree to which the temperature of trigeminal nerve receptors (terminal nerve masses) is raised. The receptors are arranged in a monolayer array within the pit membrane and irrigated by a capillary network which both supplies energy to(More)
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