Tatsuya Hayashi

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INTRODUCTION Elimination of transient pulmonary vein recurrences (dormant PVs) induced by an ATP injection and ablation at the PV carina region is an effective strategy for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. The relationship between dormant PVs and the PV carina region has not been evaluated. METHODS A total of 212 consecutive symptomatic AF patients(More)
The main contribution of this work is to propose efficient randomized leader election and initialization protocols for Packet Radio Networks (PRN, for short). As a result of the initialization protocol, the n stations of a PRN are assigned distinct integer IDs from 1 ton. The results include protocols to: (1) initialize the single-channel PRN with the(More)
BACKGROUND Lack of leptin is implicated in insulin resistance and other metabolic abnormalities in generalized lipodystrophy; however, the efficacy, safety, and underlying mechanisms of leptin-replacement therapy in patients with generalized lipodystrophy remain unclear. METHODS Seven Japanese patients with generalized lipodystrophy, two acquired and five(More)
Our laboratory has recently demonstrated that low-frequency electrical stimulation (ES) of quadriceps muscles alone significantly enhanced glucose disposal rate (GDR) during euglycemic clamp (Hamada T, Sasaki H, Hayashi T, Moritani T, and Nakao K. J Appl Physiol 94: 2107-2112, 2003). The present study is further follow-up to examine the acute metabolic(More)
Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine) has been implicated in the regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism including actions such as insulin-independent glucose transport, glucose transporter 4 expression, and fatty acid utilization in skeletal muscle. These effects are similar to the exercise-induced and 5'adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase(More)
Evidence has accumulated that some of the angiotensin II AT1 receptor antagonists have insulin-sensitizing property. We thus examined the effect of telmisartan on insulin action using 3T3-L1 adipocytes. With standard differentiation inducers, a higher dose of telmisartan effectively facilitated differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Treatment of both(More)
We developed and analyzed two types of transgenic mice: rat insulin II promoter-ghrelin transgenic (RIP-G Tg) and rat glucagon promoter-ghrelin transgenic mice (RGP-G Tg). The pancreatic tissue ghrelin concentration measured by C-terminal radioimmunoassay (RIA) and plasma desacyl ghrelin concentration of RIP-G Tg were about 1000 and 3.4 times higher than(More)
OBJECTIVE 5'-Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a key molecule of metabolic enhancement in skeletal muscle. We investigated whether metformin (MET) acts directly on skeletal muscle, is transported into skeletal muscle via organic cation transporters (OCTs), and activates AMPK. MATERIALS/METHODS Isolated rat epitrochlearis and(More)
It is well known that malignant cells show procoagulant activity, which is associated with their metastatic potential. Thrombin, the key enzyme of the blood coagulation system, is generated around tumor cells, promoting the migration and metastasis of tumor cells. In this study, we evaluated the effect of argatroban, a specific thrombin inhibitor, on the(More)
There is considerable evidence to suggest that electrical stimulation (ES) activates glucose uptake in rodent skeletal muscle. It is, however, unknown whether ES can lead to similar metabolic enhancement in humans. We employed low-frequency ES through surface electrodes placed over motor points of quadriceps femoris muscles. In male subjects lying in the(More)