Tatsuya Fukasawa

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Mutations of the gene encoding the alpha2 subunit of the neuronal sodium channel, SCN2A, have been found in benign familial neonatal-infantile seizures (BFNIS). In Dravet syndrome, only one nonsense mutation of SCN2A was identified, while hundreds of mutations were found in the paralogue gene, SCN1A, which encodes the alpha1 subunit. This study examines(More)
Mutations in SCN2A, the gene encoding α2 subunit of the neuronal sodium channel, are associated with a variety of epilepsies: benign familial neonatal-infantile seizures (BFNIS); genetic epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+); Dravet syndrome (DS); and some intractable childhood epilepsies. More than 10 new mutations have been identified in BFNIS, all(More)
Mutations in PRRT2 genes have been identified as a major cause of benign infantile epilepsy and/or paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia. We explored mutations in PRRT2 in Japanese patients with BIE as well as its related conditions including convulsion with mild gastroenteritis and benign early infantile epilepsy. We explored PRRT2 mutations in Japanese(More)
OBJECTIVES Acute encephalopathy with reduced subcortical diffusion (AED) covers a spectrum including not only typical acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion (AESD) but also atypical AESD with monophasic clinical course, or more severe subtypes. Aim of this study is to analyze prognostic factors of AED. MATERIALS & METHODS(More)
Focal cortical dysplasia is a common cortical malformation and an important cause of epilepsy. There is evidence for shared molecular mechanisms underlying cortical dysplasia, ganglioglioma, hemimegalencephaly, and dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor. However, there are no familial reports of typical cortical dysplasia or co-occurrence of cortical(More)
Corticosteroids have been used only in the treatment of special epileptic syndromes or epileptic encephalopathies, such as infantile spasms. We report an antiepileptic effect of corticosteroids that were used for treatment of nephropathy in a monozygotic twin child with idiopathic localization-related epilepsy (I-LRE). The patient and her monozygotic twin(More)
BACKGROUND Dexmedetomidine hydrochloride, a highly selective 2-adrenoceptoragonist, is used in combination with local anesthetics for sedation and analgesia. It is known to be efficacious in adult patients and is enthusiastically expected to be successful for sedation in neonates. PATIENT The present case report details a term infant who was sedated by(More)
Nucleotide alterations in the gene encoding proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 (PRRT2) have been identified in most patients with benign partial epilepsies in infancy (BPEI)/benign familial infantile epilepsy (BFIE). However, not all patients harbor these PRRT2 mutations, indicating the involvement of genes other than PRRT2. In this study, we performed(More)
Many children with trisomy 18 have apneas from the neonatal period. It has been reported that some children with trisomy 18 have epilepsy, including epileptic apneas. However, no previous report has described epileptic apneas in trisomy 18 neonates. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of neonates with trisomy 18 who were born at Anjo Kosei(More)
Voltage-gated sodium channels regulate neuronal excitability, as well as survival and the patterning of neuronal connectivity during development. Mutations in SCN2A, which encodes the Na(+) channel Nav1.2, cause epilepsy syndromes and predispose children to acute encephalopathy. Here, we report the case of a young male with recurrent acute encephalopathy(More)