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Recent studies have revealed that vascular cells can produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) through NAD(P)H oxidase, which may be involved in vascular injury. However, the pathological role of vascular NAD(P)H oxidase in diabetes or in the insulin-resistant state remains unknown. In this study, we examined the effect of high glucose level and free fatty acid(More)
We examined somatic mutations of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene in 63 colorectal tumors (16 adenomas and 47 carcinomas) developed in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and non-FAP patients. In addition to loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at the APC locus in 30 tumors, 43 other somatic mutations were detected. Twenty-one of them were point(More)
In order to study the mechanochemical coupling in actomyosin energy transduction, the sliding distance of an actin filament induced by one ATP hydrolysis cycle was obtained by using an in vitro movement assay that permitted quantitative and simultaneous measurements of (1) the movements of single fluorescently labeled actin filaments on myosin bound to(More)
beta-Agarase was purified from the culture fluid of a porphyran-decomposing marine bacterium (strain AP-2) by ammonium sulfate precipitation, successive column chromatography and DNase and RNase treatment. The final enzyme preparation appeared to be homogeneous on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The enzyme had a molecular mass of 20 kDa, a pH optimum of(More)
We cloned a cDNA and the gene for Japanese flounder TNF. The TNF cDNA consisted of 1217 bp, which encoded 225 amino acid residues. The identities between Japanese flounder TNF and members of the mammalian TNF family were approximately 20-30%. The positions of cysteine residues that are important for disulfide bonds were conserved with respect to those in(More)
Accumulative evidence suggests that more than 20 neuron-specific genes are regulated by a transcriptional cis-regulatory element known as the neural restrictive silencer (NRS). A trans-acting repressor that binds the NRS, NRSF [also designated RE1-silencing transcription factor (REST)] has been cloned, but the mechanism by which it represses transcription(More)
Activation of proMMP-2 by MT1-MMP is considered to be a critical event in cancer cell invasion. In the activation step, TIMP-2 bound to MT1-MMP on the cell surface acts as a receptor for proMMP-2. Subsequently, adjacent TIMP-2-free MT1-MMP activates the proMMP-2 in the ternary complex. In this study, we demonstrate that MT1-MMP forms a homophilic complex(More)
Isoflavonoids are distributed predominantly in leguminous plants and play critical roles in plant physiology. A cytochrome P450 (P450), 2-hydroxyisoflavanone synthase, is the key enzyme in their biosynthesis. In cultured licorice (Glycyrrhiza echinata L., Fabaceae) cells, the production of both an isoflavonoid-derived phytoalexin (medicarpin) and a(More)
Lysozyme is a widely distributed hydrolase which likely plays an important role in bio-defense systems. In the current study, we constructed a baculovirus expression system for the c-type lysozyme cDNA of Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) and evaluated the activity of the recombinant protein. This activity was estimated, by turbidimetric assay, to(More)
Both CD46 and signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM) have been shown to act as cellular receptors for measles virus (MV). The viruses on throat swabs from nine patients with measles in Japan were titrated on Vero cells stably expressing human SLAM. Samples from all but two patients produced numerous plaques on SLAM-expressing Vero cells, whereas(More)