Tatsushi Mutoh

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Light is a powerful synchronizer of the circadian rhythms, and bright light therapy is known to improve metabolic and hormonal status of circadian rhythm sleep disorders, although its mechanism is poorly understood. In the present study, we revealed that light induces gene expression in the adrenal gland via the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN)-sympathetic(More)
Several lines of evidence have suggested that ganglioside GM1 stimulates neuronal sprouting and enhances the action of nerve growth factor (NGF), but its precise mechanism is yet to be elucidated. We report here that GM1 directly and tightly associates with Trk, the high-affinity tyrosine kinase-type receptor for NGF, and strongly enhances neurite outgrowth(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate cardiopulmonary effects of sevoflurane (Sevo), compared with halothane (Hal), enflurane (Enf), and isoflurane (Iso). ANIMALS 24 healthy Beagles, randomly assigned to 4 groups of 6 dogs each. PROCEDURE Dogs under spontaneous ventilation were anesthetized with Sevo, Hal, Enf, or Iso. After minimum elveolar concentration (MAC) of each(More)
Previous studies have shown that the ceramide analogue, D-threo-1-phenyl-2-decanoylamin-3-morpholino-propanol (D-PDMP), inhibits glucosylceramide synthase and thus leads to extensive depletion of glycosphingolipids derived from glucosyl ceramide. Our previous studies have shown that cholera toxin B subunit, which specifically binds to the cell surface(More)
The mRNA levels of RET and GDNFR-alpha were studied in the spinal cord of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) by reverse transcription followed by polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and in situ hybridization (ISH). Semiquantitative RT-PCR analysis revealed that RET mRNA levels in the ALS spinal cord anterior horn were reduced to one fifth of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Early goal-directed hemodynamic therapy is of particular importance for adequate cerebral circulation of patients with vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage but is often precluded by the invasiveness of established cardiac output determination using a pulmonary artery catheter. This study was undertaken to validate the usefulness of(More)
Children chronically exposed to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) have more coughs, wheezes, and airway obstruction, which may result in part from stimulation of lung C fibers. We examined the effect of chronic exposure to sidestream tobacco smoke (SS, a surrogate for ETS) on lung C-fiber responsiveness in guinea pigs, in which dynamic compliance (Cdyn),(More)
The simultaneous administration of nerve growth factor (NGF) has been found to prevent experimental neuropathies induced by anti-cancer drugs such as cisplatin, vincristine and taxol. However, it is clinically important to know whether NGF is beneficial once the neuropathy is already manifest. We established a bioassay system to examine the preventive(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The results of previous studies suggest that early goal-directed fluid therapy (EGDT) reduces delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, but the effects of EGDT on clinical outcomes are still unclear. This study aimed to determine whether EGDT improves outcomes compared with standard less-invasive(More)
A single bout of exercise results in a postexercise hypotension (PEH) that is accompanied by a reduced baroreflex function. Based on the role of rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) neurons in controlling sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) and blood pressure, the role of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in controlling RVLM neuronal activity, and the reduced(More)