Learn More
Light is a powerful synchronizer of the circadian rhythms, and bright light therapy is known to improve metabolic and hormonal status of circadian rhythm sleep disorders, although its mechanism is poorly understood. In the present study, we revealed that light induces gene expression in the adrenal gland via the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN)-sympathetic(More)
Several lines of evidence have suggested that ganglioside GM1 stimulates neuronal sprouting and enhances the action of nerve growth factor (NGF), but its precise mechanism is yet to be elucidated. We report here that GM1 directly and tightly associates with Trk, the high-affinity tyrosine kinase-type receptor for NGF, and strongly enhances neurite outgrowth(More)
Oxygenation improves in patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome and in animals with oleic acid-induced lung injury when they are turned from the supine to the prone position. Dependent and nondependent pleural pressures (Ppl) were measured in six pigs ventilated in the supine and prone positions before and after volume infusion (VI). Before VI the(More)
The mRNA levels of RET and GDNFR-alpha were studied in the spinal cord of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) by reverse transcription followed by polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and in situ hybridization (ISH). Semiquantitative RT-PCR analysis revealed that RET mRNA levels in the ALS spinal cord anterior horn were reduced to one fifth of(More)
We verified the hypothesis that changes in the endogenous GM1 ganglioside density in the environment of TrkB, receptor of brain-derived neurotrophic factor, can affect receptor activity, and focused on rat cerebellar granule cells expressing both GM1 and TrkB. Changes of the amount of GM1 associated to immunoprecipitated TrkB and of receptor tyrosine(More)
The present study was aimed at investigating the possible toxicity of simvastatin on a neuronal cell line, PC12 cells. Simvastatin clearly induced a transient morphological differentiation as evidenced by the occurrence of neurite outgrowth with a transient activation of the high affinity nerve growth factor receptor, Trk, but died at 36 h after its(More)
Inhalation induction of anesthesia with a single volatile anesthetic is commonly used in children but is sometimes associated with increased cough, secretion, and airway obstruction, which may result in part from stimulation of laryngeal C-fibers. We examined the effects of two popular volatile anesthetics, halothane and sevoflurane, on laryngeal C-fiber(More)
Rapid mask induction can be a useful induction technique for veterinary patients, although it is often accompanied by exaggerated excitement responses in unpremedicated animals (Mutoh et al.: Jpn. J. Vet. Anesth. Surg. 26, 109-116; J. Vet. Med. Sci. 57, 1007-1013; J. Vet. Med. Sci. 57, 1121-1124; 1995). The aim of this study was to compare sevoflurane with(More)
Schwann cells produce myelin in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) and play an important role in the maintenance of the normal function of PNS. Our previous studies have shown that derivatives of adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) can regulate the cell-fate (i.e., proliferation and differentiation into cell surface galactocerebroside-positive cells)(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Early goal-directed hemodynamic therapy is of particular importance for adequate cerebral circulation of patients with vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage but is often precluded by the invasiveness of established cardiac output determination using a pulmonary artery catheter. This study was undertaken to validate the usefulness of(More)