Tatsuro Katsuno

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Intestinal microfold cells (M cells) are an enigmatic lineage of intestinal epithelial cells that initiate mucosal immune responses through the uptake and transcytosis of luminal antigens. The mechanisms of M-cell differentiation are poorly understood, as the rarity of these cells has hampered analysis. Exogenous administration of the cytokine RANKL can(More)
This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical outcomes of endoscopic resection of 26 sporadic (i. e., not associated with polyposis syndrome) nonampullary duodenal lesions representing high-grade dysplasia or intramucosal carcinoma (duodenal HGD/IMC) in 23 patients. No severe complications such as perforation were observed, but three cases of delayed(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Epithelial cells that cover the intestinal mucosal surface maintain immune homeostasis and tolerance in the gastrointestinal tract. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms that regulate epithelial immune functions. Epithelial cells are distinct in that they are highly polarized; this polarity is, at least in part,(More)
1. Medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) is often administered to patients with Crohn's disease (CD) or short-bowel syndrome. However, little is known about the effects of medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs) and MCT on intestinal inflammation. In this study we examined whether caprylic acid, one of the MCFAs, and MCT suppress IL-8 secretion by differentiated Caco-2(More)
To determine the role of Smad3 in re-epithelialization and inflammation, experimental colitis was induced in Smad3 heterozygous mice and their wild-type littermates by single intrarectal administration of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) in ethanol. The area of epithelial deficiency was significantly reduced in the heterozygotes on the 4th-6th day(More)
The present study was performed to examine whether probiotics affect Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expression in human colonic epithelial cells. Culture supernatants or heat-killed bacteria of Bacillus mesentericus TO-A, Clostridium butyricum TO-A, and Streptococcus faecalis T-110 were applied to human colonic epithelial cells. Treatment with C. butyricum(More)
It is established that deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus improves motor function in advanced Parkinson's disease, but its effects on autonomic function remain to be elucidated. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of subthalamic deep brain stimulation on gastric emptying. A total of 16 patients with Parkinson's disease(More)
Deficiency of Smad3, an intracellular mediator of TGF-β, was shown to significantly accelerate re-epithelialization of the colonic mucosa. This study was performed to investigate the molecular mechanisms by which Smad3 controls colonic epithelial cell proliferation and crypt formation. Smad3(ex8/ex8) C57BL/6 mice were used in this study and wild-type(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has become widely accepted as a standard treatment for gastric epithelial neoplasms. Antithrombotic agents are widely used to prevent thromboembolic disease. However, the feasibility of endoscopic procedures for patients using such agents has been rarely investigated. The aim of this study was to identify(More)
In some cell types, gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) is associated with tight junctions. The present study was performed to determine the roles of GJIC in regulation of the barrier function of tight junctions. Caco-2 human colonic cells were used as a monolayer model, and barrier function was monitored by measuring mannitol permeability and(More)