Tatsuo Yamada

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Immune reaction-related inflammation may be important in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease (PD). To elucidate peripheral immunologic alterations in PD, we characterized extended peripheral T-lymphocyte populations in 33 patients with PD and 34 normal subjects. Patients with PD had significantly decreased CD4+:CD8(+)T-cell ratios (P<0.001), fewer(More)
Perry syndrome consists of early-onset parkinsonism, depression, severe weight loss and hypoventilation, with brain pathology characterized by TDP-43 immunostaining. We carried out genome-wide linkage analysis and identified five disease-segregating mutations affecting the CAP-Gly domain of dynactin (encoded by DCTN1) in eight families with Perry syndrome;(More)
Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) was localized immunohistochemically in postmortem brain tissue of Alzheimer's disease (AD), progressive supranuclear palsy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Pick's disease, and controls. In controls, only capillaries were stained for ICAM-1. In affected areas of neurologically disease brains, a subset of reactive(More)
DJ-1 is an antioxidant protein whose loss of function by gene mutations has been linked to familial Parkinson's disease (PD). The main objective of the present study was to determine if this molecule was also involved in the pathogenesis of sporadic PD. For this purpose, quantitative immunoblot assays were performed to evaluate DJ-1 in cerebrospinal fluids(More)
ATP-binding cassette transporters (ABC) G1 and ABCA1 are membrane cholesterol transporters and have been implicated to mediate cholesterol efflux from cells in the presence of high density lipoproteins and its major protein constituent apolipoprotein A-I, respectively. We previously demonstrated that unsaturated fatty acids suppress the stimulatory effects(More)
Amyloid beta 1-42 (Abeta42) and Abeta17-42 are major constituents of diffuse plaque in brains with Alzheimer's disease (AD). We demonstrate the potent cytotoxicity of Abeta42 and Abeta17-42, lesser toxicity of Abeta1-40 (Abeta40) and lack of toxicity of Abeta1-16 (Abeta16) in neuronal cells as measured by inhibition of cell proliferative response using(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of restless leg syndrome (RLS) in elderly Japanese people by means of a population-based survey of subjects aged > or = 65 years. BACKGROUND Studies conducted worldwide have revealed large variations in the prevalence of RLS among different populations. However, few studies have been done in Japan. METHODS A(More)
Dementia is a social problem in Japan, as it is in other countries. Recently, there has been an increase in the number of patients with Alzheimer-type dementia (ATD) in the population. We analyzed 239 cases of patients autopsied at Fukushimura Hospital over a 10-year period. Clinicopathologically, 66% of these cases (158 cases) presented with dementia(More)
Alzheimer′s disease is a progressive and incurable disease whose prevalence increases dramatically with age. A biochemical marker for monitoring the onset and progression of the disease would be a valuable tool for disease management. In addition, such a marker might be used as an end point in clinical intervention protocols. Here we provide evidence that(More)
Several case-control studies and genome-wide association studies have examined the relationships between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the SNCA gene and Parkinson's disease (PD), and have provided inconsistent results. We investigated the relationships between SNPs rs356229, rs356219, rs356220, rs7684318, and rs2736990 and the risk of sporadic(More)