Tatsuo Uchida

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Hippocampal damage contributes to cognitive dysfunction after traumatic brain injury (TBI). We previously showed that Fluoro-Jade, a fluorescent stain that labels injured, degenerating brain neurons, quantifies the extent of hippocampal injury after experimental fluid percussion TBI in rats. Coincidentally, we observed that injured neurons in the rat(More)
Circadian rhythm disturbances are frequently reported in patients recovering from traumatic brain injury (TBI). Since circadian clock output is mediated by some of the same molecular signaling cascades that regulate memory formation (cAMP/MAPK/CREB), cognitive problems reported by TBI survivors may be related to injury-induced dysregulation of the circadian(More)
The Fluoro-Jade (FJ) stain reliably identifies degenerating neurons after multiple mechanisms of brain injury. We modified the FJ staining protocol to quickly stain frozen hippocampal rat brain sections and to permit systematic counts of stained, injured neurons at 4 and 24 h after mild, moderate or severe fluid percussion traumatic brain injury (TBI). In(More)
BACKGROUND After traumatic brain injury, memory dysfunction is due in part to damage to the hippocampus. To study the molecular mechanisms of this selective vulnerability, the authors used laser capture microdissection of neurons stained with Fluoro-Jade to directly compare gene expression in injured (Fluoro-Jade-positive) and adjacent uninjured(More)
Acquisition of the trace-conditioned eye blink response (CR) is mediated by a variety of brain structures, including the cerebellum, the hippocampus, and brain stem nuclei. We examined the effects of a neuronal sodium channel antagonist (lamotrigine) on the ability of rabbits to acquire an eye blink CR after 6.5 min of cerebral ischemia. New Zealand white(More)
To determine whether treatment with L-arginine or superoxide dismutase (SOD) would prove effective in reducing cerebral hypoperfusion after traumatic brain injury (TBI), we measured cerebral blood flow (CBF) using laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) in rats treated before or after moderate (2.2 atm) fluid-percussion (FP) TBI. Rats were anesthetized with(More)
After experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI), widespread neuronal loss is progressive and continues in selectively vulnerable brain regions, such as the hippocampus, for months to years after the initial insult. To clarify the molecular mechanisms underlying secondary or delayed cell death in hippocampal neurons after TBI, we compared long-term changes(More)
Hemorrhage after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in cats produces significant decreases in cerebral oxygen delivery (DcereO2) and electroencephalographic (EEG) activity. To determine whether effective treatments for the separate insults of TBI and hemorrhagic shock would also prove effective after the clinically relevant combination of the two, we measured the(More)
In head-injured patients and experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI), important cerebrovascular abnormalities include decreases in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and impairment of cerebral pressure autoregulation. We evaluated CBF and pressure autoregulation after fluid percussion injury (FPI) and hypothermia in rats with the hypothesis that hypothermia would(More)
Experimental evidence suggests that random, spontaneous (stochastic) fluctuations in gene expression have important biological consequences, including determination of cell fate and phenotypic variation within isogenic populations. We propose that fluctuations in gene expression represent a valuable tool to explore therapeutic strategies for patients who(More)