Tatsuo Saito-Taki

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Invertebrates rely on their innate immune responses to protect themselves from pathogens, one of which is melanization of bacteria mediated by the activation of phenoloxidase (PO). Furthermore, invertebrate hemolymph, even that of healthy individuals, has been shown to contain bacterial species. The mechanisms that prevent these bacteria from proliferating(More)
The interleukin-1 receptor/toll-like receptor (IL-1R/TLR) superfamily signaling involves myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) that acts as an important adapter protein. A Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) MyD88 (jfMyD88) cDNA and gene were cloned, and found to have lengths of 1.5 and 3.01 kb, respectively. The ORF encodes 285 amino acids that(More)
We isolated and sequenced Fas ligand cDNA and its gene from Japanese flounder (JF), Paralichthys olivaceus. The JF-Fas ligand cDNA consisted of 1016 bp and encoded 230 amino acid residues. The identities of the deduced amino acid sequence of the JF-Fas ligand to human Fas ligand, Tumor necrosis factor-alpha and Lymphotoxin-alpha were 26.1%, 24.5% and 23.0%,(More)
Outbreaks of koi herpesvirus (KHV) infection in carp are still a serious problem worldwide. KHV is closely related to other two cyprinid herpesviruses, pox herpesvirus (CHV) and haematopoietic necrosis herpesvirus (CyHV-2) in goldfish. In this study, two major KHV antigenic proteins (ORF62 and ORF68) were identified by immunoscreening using a KHV-specific(More)
Toll-like receptor (TLR) 9 cDNA and gene were cloned from Japanese flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus. The Japanese flounder TLR9 cDNA encodes 1065 amino acids. The leucine-rich domain (LRD) and the Toll/interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domain found in other vertebrate TLR9s were conserved in Japanese flounder TLR9. The gene is composed of three exons and two(More)
Blood coagulation is a conserved defense mechanism among invertebrates and it has been well studied in horseshoe crab and freshwater crayfish but is ill defined in shrimp. Transglutaminase (TGase) and clotting protein (CP) are molecules involved in the blood clotting system of shrimp. Here, we demonstrate in vivo the functional involvement of TGase and CP(More)
Toxicity of the cells of a newly established axenic Microcystis aeruginosa K-139 strain to mice was studied. LD50 of the cells harvested in the mid-log phase was 7.3 mg/kg. The organs of acute dead mice were examined histopathologically. The blood congestion and necrosis of the parenchymal cells around the central veins in the liver were observed, but other(More)
Toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1) is an exotoxin produced by Staphylococcus aureus isolated from patients with toxic shock syndrome. We investigated the proliferative response of human lymphocytes and their interleukin 2 (IL-2) production after stimulation with TSST-1 in vitro. Human cord blood mononuclear cells (HCBM) and human peripheral blood(More)
The detergent lysate of the P388D1 macrophage cell line was subjected to affinity chromatography on two different media, Sepharose coupled to heat-aggregated human IgG (IgG-Sepharose) and Sepharose coupled to the phosphatidylcholine analog rac-1-(9-carboxyl)nonyl-2-hexadecylglycero-3-phosphocholine (PC-Sepharose). Both IgG- and phosphatidylcholine-binding(More)
As reported previously, the perivascular cells laden with fluorescent granules (FGP cell) are situated in Virchow-Robin space and show marked uptake capacity for intraventricularly administered substances. The phagocytic FGP cells are derived developmentally from leptomeningeal cells and are recognizable in various kinds of animals, including humans. In the(More)