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Temporal context information is crucial to understanding human episodic memory. Human lesion and neuroimaging data indicate that prefrontal regions are important for retrieving temporal context memory, although the exact nature of their involvement is still unclear. We employed functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to elucidate the neural basis of(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine, by using functional magnetic resonance imaging, the areas of the brain activated during a memory-timed finger movement task and compare these with those activated during a visually cued movement task. Because it is likely that subjects engage in subvocalization associated with chronometric counting to achieve(More)
The effect of running on heat production in brown adipose tissue (BAT) was compared between trained and untrained rats. Rats were forced to run a treadmill while temperatures of colon (T col) and interscapular BAT (T bat) were measured. The daily running for 5 weeks neither changed the size of interscapular BAT nor the norepinephrine-induced thermogenesis(More)
The aim of this study was to identify the neuroanatomical basis of the retrieval of people's names. Lesion data showed that patients with language-dominant temporal lobectomy had impairments in their ability to retrieve familiar and newly learned people's names, whereas patients with language-nondominant temporal lobectomy had difficulty retrieving newly(More)
We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to explore the change in brain activation associated with the learning of Korean words written in Han-gul characters (K-words) by young Japanese at two stages. Subjects were 12 right-handed native Japanese without previous knowledge of Korean words and characters. On the first day they were taught the(More)
The purpose of our study is to clarify, using functional MRI, brain regions activated during the fist-edge-palm task (FEP) compared to relatively simple hand motor tasks using either the right or the left hand in right-handed normal volunteers. The FEP was introduced to detect a disorder of voluntary movement, and it is believed to be closely related to(More)
The role of the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus (VMH) in the generation of the prefeeding corticosterone peak was examined in rats under restricted daily feeding, under which daily meal supply was restricted to a fixed time in the early light period. Rats were lesioned in the VMH bilaterally and subjected to restricted daily feeding during two different(More)
The effect of a single cortical spreading depression (CSD), elicited unilaterally by 10% KCI injection at the occipital cortex, was observed on the metabolic heat production in the rat with unilateral lesions in the preoptic and anterior hypothalamus (PO/AH). The metabolic rate increased by maximally 20% above its pre-CSD level for 7 min with a rise in(More)
1. Heat-acclimated (HA) rats, kept under a 12:12 h light-dark regime, were subjected to an ambient temperature (Ta) of 33 degrees C for 5 h in the last half of the dark phase for 3 weeks. Control rats were kept under a 12:12 h light-dark regime at a constant Ta of 24 degrees C. 2. After the acclimation period, the rats were then placed in a metabolic(More)
This study investigated the day-night differences in behavioral and autonomic thermoregulatory responses to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in rats. Male rats were housed individually in cages with a 12: 12 h light dark cycle at an ambient temperature of 24 degrees C. The rats were placed in a box with a temperature gradient and intraperitoneally(More)