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To identify production sites and action targets of neurotrophins during neurogenesis, we investigated immunoreactivities of neurotrophins and their tyrosine kinase receptors in the cerebral cortex of rat embryos. Two sets of ligand-receptor systems, brain-derived neurotrophic factor/TrkB and neurotrophin-3/TrkC, were expressed simultaneously in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The safe performance of percutaneous transluminal cerebral angioplasty for intracranial atherosclerotic lesions requires that the risk of complications, such as acute occlusion or symptomatic dissection, and restenosis be reduced. Our purpose was to assess the effectiveness, safety, and short-term arteriographic and clinical outcome(More)
The indications for shunt operation in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus accompanied by brain atrophy (atypical idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: AINPH) were investigated in 25 patients who satisfied the diagnostic criteria and underwent ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting. All patients had no apparent history of intra- or(More)
Selective neuronal death in the CA1 sector of the hippocampus [delayed neuronal death (DND)] develops several days after transient global cerebral ischemia in rodents. Because NGF plays a potential role in neuronal survival, it was decided to study its effect in DND. We report here that intraventricular injection of NGF either before or after 5 min(More)
A biological marker for normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is beneficial for evaluation of its severity and of indications for shunt operation. Tau protein was initially considered as a biological marker in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from Alzheimer's patients. Recently, it has been demonstrated that degeneration in the brain causes elevation of tau in CSF.(More)
The role of endothelin, a newly found vasoconstrictor peptide, is examined in the pathogenesis of cerebral vasospasm after experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in the dog. Endothelin immunoreactivity was overexpressed in the endothelium of the vasospastic basilar artery. Because endothelin synthesis is regulated at the messenger ribonucleic acid(More)
Brief forebrain ischemia in rodents causes delayed neuronal death selectively in the CA1 pyramidal cells of hippocampus. Treatment with a reversible protein synthesis inhibitor, anisomycin, significantly reduced the occurrence of delayed neuronal death in the Mongolian gerbil. This result indicates that de novo synthesis of certain protein(s), collectively(More)
A RNA synthesis inhibitor, dactinomycin, intended to suppress induction of vasoconstrictor peptide endothelin, prevented cerebral vasospasm almost completely in the dog subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAM) model [8]. Since endothelin receptor antagonists have not shown so potent effect as dactinomycin in animal SAH models, we aimed clinical use of dactinomycin for(More)
Glucocorticoids have been extensively used to treat brain oedema, but little is known on the mechanisms of steroids in the prevention and resolution of tumour-induced brain oedema. Recently, the mechanism of steroid action is thought to involve synthesis of proteins with antiphospholipase activity called lipocortins. In a previous study, we have(More)
Upon morphogenesis, the simple neuroepithelium of the optic vesicle gives rise to four basic tissues in the vertebrate optic cup: pigmented epithelium, sensory neural retina, secretory ciliary body and muscular iris. Pigmented epithelium and neural retina are established through interactions with specific environments and signals: periocular mesenchyme/BMP(More)