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This study describes comprehensive polling of transcription start and termination sites and analysis of previously unidentified full-length complementary DNAs derived from the mouse genome. We identify the 5' and 3' boundaries of 181,047 transcripts with extensive variation in transcripts arising from alternative promoter usage, splicing, and(More)
The complete genomic sequence of the archaeon Thermoplasma volcanium, possessing optimum growth temperature (OGT) of 60 degrees C, is reported. By systematically comparing this genomic sequence with the other known genomic sequences of archaea, all possessing higher OGT, a number of strong correlations have been identified between characteristics of genomic(More)
KamLAND has measured the flux of nu;(e)'s from distant nuclear reactors. We find fewer nu;(e) events than expected from standard assumptions about nu;(e) propagation at the 99.95% C.L. In a 162 ton.yr exposure the ratio of the observed inverse beta-decay events to the expected number without nu;(e) disappearance is 0.611+/-0.085(stat)+/-0.041(syst) for(More)
We have recently cloned a cDNA for a full-length form of MgcRacGAP. Here we show using anti-MgcRacGAP antibodies that, unlike other known GAPs for Rho family, MgcRacGAP localized to the nucleus in interphase, accumulated to the mitotic spindle in metaphase, and was condensed in the midbody during cytokinesis. Overexpression of an N-terminal deletion mutant(More)
BACKGROUND Galectin-3 is a beta-galactoside-binding protein which is implicated in diverse physiological and pathological processes including human liver cirrhosis and a mouse lung fibrosis model. The aim of this study is to determine whether galectin-3 is involved in human lung fibrosis. METHODS We measured galectin-3 concentration in bronchoalveolar(More)
A new potent antibacterial protein, for which we propose the name royalisin, was found in royal jelly of the honeybee Apis mellifera L. and purified to homogeneity for the first time by acid extraction, gel filtration, and reverse-phase high pressure liquid chromatography. The primary structure of royalisin was determined to consist of 51 residues, with(More)
Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) play key roles in growth factor-mediated intracellular signal transduction. In the present study using a constitutively active STAT5 mutant, we show that STAT5 has pleiotropic functions regulating cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis in an IL-3-dependent Ba/F3 cell line. The mutant(More)
BACKGROUND Susceptibility to the development of asthma and other atopic diseases is known to be associated with genetic components. Several investigator have linked the interleukin-4 (IL-4) gene and nearby markers located on chromosome 5 to atopy and asthma. Recent study has demonstrated that the T allele of a polymorphism in the IL-4 gene promoter region(More)
The ascidian egg is a well-known mosaic egg. In order to investigate the molecular nature of the maternal genetic information stored in the egg, we have prepared cDNAs from the mRNAs in the fertilized eggs of the ascidian, Halocynthia roretzi. The cDNAs of the ascidian embryo were sequenced, and the localization of individual mRNA was examined in staged(More)