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BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown cognitive impairment in breast cancer survivors who were exposed to adjuvant chemotherapy. Neural damage by chemotherapy might have played some part in these findings. The current study explored the regional brain volume difference between breast cancer survivors exposed to adjuvant chemotherapy (C+) and those(More)
Cancer patients frequently suffer from a myriad of symptoms. The development and application of comprehensive assessment tools is essential to the effective management of these symptoms. The M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI), developed in English, is a brief, self-rating multiple symptom assessment scale that consists of 13 symptom items and 6(More)
PURPOSE Provision of supportive care to meet patients' individual needs is instrumental to enhancing their quality of life. We therefore need an appropriate assessment tool to measure such needs. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric property of the Japanese version of the Short-form Supportive Care Needs Survey questionnaire(More)
BACKGROUND Psychological distress is frequently observed, however, it is underestimated in cancer patients. The aim of this study is to develop a simple battery for screening for psychological distress, adjustment disorder and major depressive disorder in Japanese cancer patients. METHODS One hundred and twenty-eight cancer patients were interviewed by(More)
The purpose of this article is to disseminate the standard of antiemetic therapy for Japanese clinical oncologists. On the basis of the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II instrument, which reflects evidence-based clinical practice guidelines, a working group of the Japanese Society of Clinical Oncology (JSCO) reviewed clinical practice(More)
PURPOSE To clarify the bereaved family's perceptions about the appropriateness of timing when physicians first referred patients to palliative care units, and to identify the factors contributing to family-perceived late referrals. SUBJECTS AND METHODS A multicenter questionnaire survey was conducted on 630 bereaved family members of cancer patents who(More)
We investigated the adverse effects of adjuvant chemotherapy on the hippocampus in Japanese breast cancer survivors with (n=44) and without (n=31) adjuvant chemotherapy. There were no significant differences in hippocampal volume (magnetic resonance imaging) or additionally in memory function (Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised) between the two groups.
Screening cancer patients for adjustment disorders and major depression is important, because both are prevalent and often underrecognized. The purpose of this study was to validate the Distress and Impact Thermometer, a 2-item questionnaire, which we newly developed as a brief screening tool for detection of adjustment disorders and/or major depression.(More)
PURPOSE There have been few psychosocial studies of patients after curative resection of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The purpose of this study was to clarify the clinical course of depression and psychological distress of such patients during the year after surgery and to identify predictors of their long-term outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total(More)
Fatigue is one of the most frequent symptoms in cancer patients. However, the precise causes of this fatigue are still unknown, and this situation makes it difficult to combat the problem. The present study was conducted to investigate factors correlated with fatigue in disease-free breast cancer patients. A group of 134 randomly selected ambulatory breast(More)