Learn More
OBJECTIVE Having cancer is extremely stressful, and distressing cancer-related recollections are frequently reported by cancer survivors. Smaller hippocampal volume has been observed in stress-related neuropsychiatric disorders, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a(More)
BACKGROUND Psychological distress is frequently observed, however, it is underestimated in cancer patients. The aim of this study is to develop a simple battery for screening for psychological distress, adjustment disorder and major depressive disorder in Japanese cancer patients. METHODS One hundred and twenty-eight cancer patients were interviewed by(More)
BACKGROUND Both executive cognitive dysfunction and behavioral problems contribute to dysexecutive symptoms in daily life. The aim of the present study was to develop a behavior rating scale for assessing dysexecutive symptoms in Japanese patients with AD. METHOD The Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX), devised by Burgess et al. (1998), was used to evaluate(More)
Neuroimaging studies have suggested that behavior therapy (BT) might change abnormal activity in the frontal-subcortical circuits of the brain in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, the results of these studies have been rather inconsistent. The aim of the present study was to use statistical parametric mapping (SPM) analysis to(More)
Neuropsychological studies of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have pointed to memory and attention deficits among its sufferers, but these reports have largely ignored the possibility that cognitive disturbances may vary across OCD clinical subtypes, or that their interactions may differ between subtypes. The purpose of the present study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Major and minor depressive episodes in cancer patients are frequent and are frequently seen as the first depressive episode in a patient's life. However, the neurological basis of these depressive episodes remains largely unknown. METHODS Subjects were 51 breast cancer survivors (BCS) who had no history of any depressive episode before the(More)
  • K Shimizu, N Nakaya, +9 authors Y Uchitomi
  • 2012
BACKGROUND Various risk factors for depression in lung cancer patients have been suggested but have been examined separately in studies with relatively small sample sizes. The present study examined the biopsychosocial risk factors of depression in lung cancer patients, focusing on psychological factors in the largest patient sample reported to date. (More)
The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD) is the de facto international gold standard for the assessment of depression. There are some criticisms, however, especially with regard to its inter-rater reliability, due to the lack of standardized questions or explicit scoring procedures. The GRID-HAMD was developed to provide standardized explicit scoring(More)
BACKGROUND Previous epidemiological studies have indicated that the risk of suicide in cancer patients is higher than that of the general population. In addition, euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (PAS) have recently become controversial medical, ethical and legal issues all over the world. Although suicide in cancer patients and appropriate(More)
This paper describes a study of the psychometric properties of the Japanese version of the mental adjustment to cancer (MAC) scale developed in England. The scale was completed by 455 Japanese cancer patients. The internal consistency was similar to that of the original version (Cronbach's alpha coefficients for the subscales ranged from 0.60 to 0.78) and(More)