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Japanese species, Aplysia kurodai, feeds well on Ulva but rejects Gelidium (Geli.) or Pachydictyon (Pach.) with different rhythmic patterned movements of the jaws and radula. During ingestion the jaws open at the radula-protraction phase and remain half open at the initial phase of the radula-retraction, whereas during rejection the jaws open similarly but(More)
Annetocin is an earthworm oxytocin-related peptide that we previously isolated from the whole body of a lumbricid earthworm Eisenia foetida. We have reported that annetocin induces egg-laying-like behaviors in E. foetida and a gnathobdellid leech, Whitmania pigra, when it is injected into the respective animals. The present study was undertaken to probe(More)
The Japanese species Aplysia kurodai feeds well on Ulva but rejects Gelidium with distinctive rhythmic patterned movements of the jaws and radula. We have previously shown that the patterned jaw movements during the rejection of Gelidium might be caused by long-lasting suppression of the monosynaptic transmission from the multiaction MA neurons to the(More)
In neural mechanisms of animal learning, intracellular cAMP has been known to play an important role. In the present experiments we attempted functional transplant of a photoactivated adenylyl cyclase (PAC) isolated from Euglena into Aplysia neurons, and explored whether PAC can produce cAMP in the neurons by light stimulation. Serotonergic modulation of(More)
1. We previously found that identified neuron C-PR may mediate the appetitive feeding posture of Aplysia by actions on appropriate motor neurons and perhaps on modulatory neurons innervating the foot and neck. In the present experiments, we attempted to further investigate this hypothesis by characterizing the modulatory neurons that are excited by CP-R. 2.(More)
1. Firing of cerebral neuron, C-PR, produced complex bilateral movements of various regions of the body of the marine mollusc Aplysia californica. The movements were similar to those seen when the animal assumes the head-up feeding posture during food-induced arousal. Muscles of the neck largely contracted in transverse and longitudinal directions, and(More)
1. In each right and left buccal ganglia of Aplysia kurodai, we identified 4 premotor neurons impinging on the ipsilateral jaw-closing and -opening motoneurons. Three of them (MA1 neurons) had features of multifunctional neurons. Current-induced spikes in the MA1 neurons produced excitatory junction potentials (EJPs) in the buccal muscle fibers. In(More)
Insertion of a thin nonmagnetic copper Cu(001) layer between the tunnel barrier and the ferromagnetic electrode of a magnetic tunnel junction is shown to result in the oscillation of the tunnel magnetoresistance as a function of the Cu layer thickness. The effect is interpreted in terms of the formation of spin-polarized resonant tunneling. The amplitude of(More)
In cat hypoglossal motoneurons after axotomy the synaptic efficacy of inhibitory synapses made by the lingual nerve afferent fibers was studied. The amplitude of the short- and the long-lasting inhibitory postsynaptic potential produced in tongue protruder motoneurons 24 days after axotomy by stimulation of the lingual nerve was significantly reduced in(More)
Aplysia kurodai feeds on Ulva but rejects Gelidium and Pachydictyon with distinct patterned jaw movements. We previously demonstrated that these movements are induced by taste alone. Thus some chemicals may contribute to induction of these responses. We explored the amino acids composition of Ulva, Gelidium and Pachydictyon extracts used during our(More)