Tatsumi Kusakabe

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We have previously demonstrated the therapeutic usefulness of leptin in lipoatrophic diabetes and insulin-deficient diabetes in mouse models and could also demonstrate its dramatic effects on lipoatrophic diabetes in humans. The aim of the present study was to explore the therapeutic usefulness of leptin in a mouse model of type 2 diabetes with increased(More)
We previously proposed that L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) is a neurotransmitter in the CNS. Receptor and transporter molecules for L-DOPA, however, have not been determined. In the present study, in order to localize the uptake sites of L-DOPA in the CNS, we performed autoradiographic uptake studies using L-[14C]DOPA and L-[3H]DOPA in the uptake(More)
To clarify the physiological significance of the g-s connection (intimate apposition of the glomus cell to the smooth muscle) in the Xenopus carotid labyrinth, experiments were carried out morphologically and physiologically. Results obtained are as follows. Efferent electrical stimulation of the glossopharyngeal nerve resulted in concentrating dense-cored(More)
Immunohistochemical localization of substance P (SP), CGRP, VIP, neuropeptide Y (NPY), and somatostatin (SOM) in the carotid labyrinth were compared in some species of amphibians using the peroxidase-antiperoxidase method. Immunoreactivity of SP, CGRP, VIP, and NPY was found in the nerve fibers distributed in the intervascular stroma of the carotid(More)
The morphology, topographic distribution, effects of denervation, and exposure to hypercapnic hypoxia of endocrine cells were examined in rat larynx. The endocrine cells, which were immunoreactive for protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), were observed within the epithelial layer of the laryngeal cavity and in the(More)
Neurotrophins play an essential role in nerve systems. Recent reports indicated that neurotrophins [nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), and neurotrophin-4/5 (NT-4/5)] have numerous effects on non-neural cells, especially on immune cells. However, whether lung cells express neurotrophins and/or their(More)
Under hypertension, it has been reported that the carotid body (CB) is enlarged and noradrenaline (NA) content in CB is increased. Therefore, it is hypothesized that morphological and neurochemical changes in CB are induced in hypertensive animal models. In the present study, we examined the morphological features and dopamine β-hydroxylase (DBH)(More)
Indirect double immunofluorescence labelling for demonstrating nine neuropeptides in the kidney of the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana, revealed for the first time the occurrence, distribution, and coexistence of certain neuropeptides in the kidney of the submammalian vertebrates. Substance P, neuropeptide Y, and calcitonin generelated peptide were localized in(More)
Evidence suggests that telmisartan, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1) blocker and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ partial agonist, has beneficial actions that limit development of the metabolic syndrome and diabetes. However, the role played by AT1 inhibition in metabolic effects elicited by telmisartan remains uncertain. Here we isolated(More)
The ultrastructure of the glomus cells of the carotid labyrinth was investigated in the anuran, Xenopus laevis. These cells show many catecholamine containing granules. About 50 cells in groups of 3–5 are located near the sinusoids. Morphologically, their organelles are similar to those previously reported in Bufo vulgaris. Striking features are (1)(More)