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Adjustable sit-stand workstations, which are designed to allow workers to sit and stand autonomously while working, were examined to identify the effects on workers' musculoskeletal discomfort, alertness and performance. Twenty-four healthy subjects participated in the study. The subjects were required to do an English transcription task for 150 min under(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize the recovery pattern of sleep following simulated, four successive night shifts in ten healthy men (22.9 + or - 3.2 yr). Poor sleep was defined as sleep efficiency of 80% or lower as determined actigraphically. The results showed that four (rapid, slow, pseudo, and incomplete) patterns of sleep recovery were(More)
OBJECTIVES In the present study, we modified a night shift system for an ambulance service so that ambulance paramedics were assured of taking a nap, and examined the effects of this new system on the fatigue and physiological function of ambulance paramedics. METHODS Ten ambulance paramedics at a fire station in the center of a large city in Japan(More)
Increased night work is an important issue because of its implications on workers' health, safety and performance. This study examined the effects of brief hourly exercise as a countermeasure against the adverse effects of night work, especially for workers requiring sustained attention while working in a prolonged sitting posture. During simulated night(More)
This paper proposes a novel method of using maximum torque per ampere (MTPA) control for direct torque control (DTC) of a permanent-magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) in the stator flux linkage synchronous (M-T) frame. The stator flux vector estimation of DTC enables use of the M-T frame. Consideration of the magnetic saturation and cross-coupling effects in(More)
A mathematical model is proposed for the maximum torque per ampere (MTPA) control law of a permanent-magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) in the stator flux linkage synchronous frame (M-T frame). The mathematical model takes into consideration magnetic saturation and cross-magnetization effects. In taking into consideration magnetic saturation effects, most of(More)
The aim of the present study was to reveal characteristic patterns of fatigue feelings on consecutive night shifts by a questionnaire for work-related fatigue feelings "Jikaku-sho shirabe". Ten healthy males (Mean +/- SD: 22.9 +/- 3.2 years old) participated in the experiment. Participants were required to attend the laboratory for nine consecutive nights(More)
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) published a new Technical Specification (TS), ISO/TS 20646-1 "Ergonomic procedures for the improvement of local muscular workloads (LMWL)--Part 1: Guidelines for reducing local muscular workloads" in 2004. However, little is known about whether the ISO/TS is really effective in taking action to(More)
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