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The mechanism underlying proteoglycan (PG) absorption in the intestine is not clear. Hence we analyzed the transport of salmon PG in the rat jejunum, ileum, and colon by the everted-sac method. The jejunum showed the largest capacity for PG transport. Jejunal transport of PG was also greater than that of chondroitin A and C. An inhibitor of(More)
When we learn from unknown environment to collect reward, we face speed-accuracy trade-off for the decision-making that agents act. We will lose if we continue to act greedily, but we cannot maximize reward if we search continually. From experience, it is assumed that human beings act with some kind of standards to cope with trade-off. Hence, we focused(More)
Some of the authors have previously proposed a cognitively inspired reinforcement learning architecture (LS-Q) that mimics cognitive biases in humans. LS-Q adaptively learns under uniform, coarse-grained state division and performs well without parameter tuning in a giant-swing robot task. However, these results were shown only in simulations. In this(More)
A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the chondroprotective action of salmon nasal cartilage proteoglycan on joint health. The effect of oral administration of proteoglycan (10 mg/day) on cartilage metabolism was evaluated in individuals with knee joint discomfort but without diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis.(More)