Tatsuhito Matsuo

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The interaction of troponin molecules on the thin filament with Ca(2+) plays a key role in regulating muscle contraction. To characterize the structural changes of troponin caused by Ca(2+) and crossbridge formation, we recorded the small-angle x-ray intensity and the myoplasmic free Ca(2+) concentration using fluo-3 AM in the same frog skeletal muscle(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is often present in patients with diastolic heart failure. However, stiffness of hypertrophied cardiomyocytes in the transverse direction has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to assess passive cardiomyocyte stiffness of hypertrophied hearts in the transverse direction and the influence of(More)
Calmodulin undergoes characteristic conformational changes by binding Ca(2+), which allows it to bind to more than 300 target proteins and regulate numerous intracellular processes in all eukaryotic cells. We measured the conformational changes of calmodulin upon Ca(2+) and mastoparan binding using the time-resolved small-angle X-ray scattering technique(More)
In order to investigate the structural changes of the myofilaments involved in the phenomenon of summation in skeletal muscle contraction, we studied small-angle x-ray intensity changes during twitches of frog skeletal muscle elicited by either a single or a double stimulus at 16 degrees C. The separation of the pulses in the double-pulse stimulation was(More)
Structure of spherical aggregates formed by hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL) was studied with microbeam X-ray diffraction. Aggregates with a diameter of 50-100 microm were formed after incubation of HEWL at pH 1.6 and 60 degrees C up to 60 days. The scattering from the aggregate in solution showed a marked symmetry demonstrating it as a spherulite. A(More)
In the asynchronous flight muscles of higher insects, the lattice planes of contractile filaments are strictly preserved along the length of each myofibril, making the myofibril a millimetre-long giant single multiprotein crystal. To examine how such highly ordered structures are formed, we recorded X-ray diffraction patterns of the developing flight(More)
The decay time of YAG:Ce(3+) phosphor was studied using a CMOS camera with a frame rate of 1302000 s(-1) and pulsed X-rays from SPring-8. A high-resolution X-ray detector with YAG:Ce(3+) was used with the camera to view the focused beam from the helical undulator. Mismatch between the ring circulation time and the frame time gave rise to a periodic(More)
X-ray diffraction patterns were recorded from isolated single rod outer segments of frog. The outer segments in Ringer's solution were exposed to a 6 µm microbeam (15 keV) at the BL40XU beamline, SPring-8. The diffraction pattern demonstrated a remarkable regularity in the stacking and flatness of the disk membranes. The electron density profile calculated(More)
OBJECTIVE Phosphoryl oligosaccharides of calcium (POs-Ca) are highly soluble calcium source made from potato starch. The aim of this study was to investigate the optimal concentrations of POs-Ca for the remineralization of subsurface enamel lesions in vitro. DESIGN Demineralized bovine enamel slabs (n=5) were remineralized in vitro for 24h at 37°C with(More)
We report the first X-ray diffraction patterns recorded from single axonemes of eukaryotic flagella with a diameter of only <0.2 μm, by using the technique of cryomicrodiffraction. A spermatozoon isolated from the testis of a fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, either intact or demembranated, was mounted straight in a glass capillary, quickly frozen and its(More)
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