Tatsuhiro Ohgami

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The incidence of endometrial cancer, a common gynecological malignancy, is increasing in Japan. We have previously shown that the ER/MDM2/p53/p21 pathway plays an important role in endometrial carcinogenesis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of germline single nucleotide polymorphisms in murine double minute 2 (MDM2) SNP309, TP53 Arg72Pro,(More)
This study focused on the immunohistochemical identification of the beta/A4 amyloid precursor protein (APP) in various developmental stages of both the rat central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). A comparative study with myelin basic protein (MBP) and synaptophysin (SYP) facilitated the understanding of neuronal maturation and(More)
By using a monoclonal antibody and polyclonal antibodies to human beta amyloid precursor protein (APP), we immunohistochemically examined axonal swellings (spheroids). The immunoreactivity of APP was observed in numerous spheroids, which were found around the areas of old cerebral infarctions, in the globus pallidus with Hallervorden-Spatz disease as well(More)
p21(WAF(1)/)(CIP(1)) is a well-known cell cycle regulatory protein which is overexpressed in several cancer cell lines, and known to determine cell fate. We generated three recombinant adenovirus vectors that expressed either the full-length p21 (Ad-p21F), a p21 mutant with a deletion of the C-terminal proliferative cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) binding(More)
Substance P contributes to the hypersensitivity reaction (HSR) to paclitaxel in a rat model. Aprepitant acts as an inhibitor of the binding of substance P to the neurokinin-1 receptor and, consequently, may reduce the frequency of paclitaxel-induced HSR. While aprepitant has a prophylactic effect against vomiting caused by high-dose cisplatin, the benefits(More)
MDM2 is a direct negative regulator of p53. The p53-independent mdm2-P1 and p53-dependent mdm2-P2 promoters have been recently shown to harbor Sp1 binding sites. Mithramycin, an inhibitor of Sp1 DNA binding, has been used clinically to treat hypercalcemia and some types of neoplastic disorders. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms behind the(More)
To clarify the association of microglia with senile plaques, the brains from 13 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and 23 nondemented aged controls were investigated immunohistochemically by a double-labeling method using anti-β-protein antiserum and anti-ferritin antibody, which is a recently reported microglia marker. In addition, a quantitative(More)
To clarify the relationship between amyloid formation and amyloid precursor protein (APP), the brain sections from eight patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and four with Gerstmann-Sträussler Syndrome (GSS) were investigated immunohistochemically by the double-immunostaining method. In AD, most APP-positive senile plaques belong to classical plaques or(More)
Cancer stem-like cell subpopulations, referred to as "side-population" (SP) cells, have been identified in several tumors based on their ability to efflux the fluorescent dye Hoechst 33342. Although SP cells have been identified in the normal human endometrium and endometrial cancer, little is known about their characteristics. In this study, we isolated(More)
OBJECTIVE We previously demonstrated that that the Ras/ER/MDM2 pathway was critical for NIH3T3 cell transformation. In this study, we examined the effect of blocking this pathway on cell growth in gynecologic cancer cells. METHODS (1) The levels of MDM2, ER, p53 and p21 in endometrial or ovarian cancer cell lines were investigated and compared with that(More)