Tatsuhiko Tanizawa

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Pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells in bone marrow differentiate to osteoblast progenitor cells. When the bone marrow cells are cultured in vitro, they form colony-forming units-fibroblastic (CFU-Fs) with exhibiting osteoblastic features such as expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and formation of calcified nodules ex vivo. This article describes the(More)
In order to examine the mechanism of the anabolic effect of parathyroid hormone (PTH) on bone formation, human PTH(1-34) [hPTH(1-34)] (30 micrograms/kg) was injected subcutaneously to 9-week-old rats 5 times a week for 1 or 3 weeks. Trabecular bone volume (BV/TV) in the tibial metaphysis was not significantly different between the PTH- and vehicle-treated(More)
BACKGROUND The use of corticosteroids or cytotoxic/immunosuppressive agents such as cyclophosphamide, chlorambucil, and cyclosporine for the treatment of frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome (FRNS) is limited because of their adverse effects. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of mizoribine, a relatively new immunosuppressive(More)
To clarify whether regulatory cytokines inhibit hematopoiesis in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), malignancies characterized by the formation of cytopenias despite the presence of cellular bone marrow, expression of TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma by bone marrow cells was investigated using specific reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction(More)
The incidence of the femoral neck fractures in 1989 was studied in Niigata Prefecture, which has a population of 2,481,441 (1,204,349 males and 12,277,092 females) as of January 1, 1989. The population over 65 years of age was 352,003, 12.5% of the total population (139,518 males and 212,485 females). The authors visited all hospitals in Niigata Prefecture(More)
Twelve-week-old female rats were ovariectomized (OVX) and compared with sham-operated control rats at 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, 30, and 60 days postoperation with respect to the expression of type I collagen and osteopontin mRNAs, as well as bone structure and the number of osteoclasts. The trabecular number and separation were significantly decreased and increased,(More)
To assess p53 expression in the hematopoietic cells of the bone marrow in premalignant as well as malignant conditions, we examined immunohistochemically bone marrow biopsies from patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS, n = 51), acute myeloid leukemia (n = 42) and as a nonneoplastic condition, aplastic anemia (n = 20) and samples from individuals who(More)
BACKGROUND The increase of bone mineral density in cortical bone after parathyroidectomy is smaller than that in cancellous bone. Changes of serum bone markers reflect those of bone metabolism both in cortical and cancellous bone after parathyroidectomy. The present study was undertaken to investigate changes of histomorphometric parameters of cortical and(More)
A case of reactive lymphoid hyperplasia of the liver exhibiting a characteristic angiofollicular pattern is reported. A hepatic nodular lesion was discovered by abdominal echography during clinical follow-up of abnormal liver function tests. It was diagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma because of its hypervascularity when observed by angiography, and(More)
BACKGROUND Glandular atrophy and intestinal metaplasia are precancerous lesions; whether Helicobacter pylori eradication affects these lesions is controversial. OBJECTIVE To determine whether H. pylori eradication is associated with improvement in glandular atrophy and intestinal metaplasia after at least 1 year. DESIGN Single-blind, uncontrolled(More)