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Garlic extract, the ethanol-soluble fraction of garlic, prevented formation of thiobarbituric-acid-reactive substances and fluorescent substances during lipid peroxidation of rat liver microsomes. Lipid peroxidation increased the fluorescence anisotropy of 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene labelled to the microsomes while this increase was prevented by the(More)
Severe toxic side effects of antiproliferative agents limit their clinical usefulness as antitumor drugs. Recently we observed that the antitumor efficacy of various antitumor agents (5-fluorouracil, tegafur, adriamycin, mitomycin C, cyclophosphamide, and cisplatin) against experimental solid tumors was enhanced by prior or simultaneous administration of(More)
The effect of phenylarsine oxide (PAO) on the internalization rate of epidermal growth factor (EGF) was investigated using perfused rat liver and isolated rat hepatocytes. In perfused liver, a tracer concentration of 125I-EGF alone or with excess unlabeled EGF (20 nM) was perfused and the internalization rate constants (kint) were measured. In the absence(More)
The interaction of epidermal growth factor (EGF) with cell surface receptors and their subsequent endocytosis in isolated rat hepatocytes were analyzed by measuring changes in the concentrations of cell surface-bound, internalized, and degraded EGF. The kinetic model proposed by Wiley and Cunningham (Cell 25: 433-440, 1981) and Gex-Fabry and Delisi [Am. J.(More)
A synthetic gene for human epidermal growth factor (hEGF) was joined to a sequence encoding the signal peptide of Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase. This hybrid gene was placed under the control of the alkaline phosphatase gene (phoA) promoter in a recombinant plasmid, which was used to transfect E. coli. The hybrid protein that was expressed in host(More)
The methotrexate (MTX) administration to rats causes the damage of small intestine. The small intestinal damage was evaluated by measuring the intestinal permeability of the poorly absorbable compound, fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled dextran (average molecular weight, 4,400) (FD-4) using the in vitro everted intestine technique and by determining(More)
The effects were examined of biosynthetic human epidermal growth factor (Bh-EGF) produced from cloned E. coli on DNA synthesis and all divisions of 13 different kinds of primary and established cell lines. Primary cultures of mammary epithelia, hepatocytes and stomach cells were strongly stimulated by EGF to undergo DNA synthesis in serum-free culture(More)