Tatjana D Banovic

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Lactoferrin is an iron-binding glycoprotein present in epithelial secretions, such as milk, and in the secondary granules of neutrophils. We found it to be present in fractions of milk protein that stimulated osteoblast growth, so we assessed its effects on bone cell function. Lactoferrin produced large, dose-related increases in thymidine incorporation in(More)
Lactoferrin induces osteoblast proliferation and survival in vitro and is anabolic to bone in vivo. The molecular mechanisms by which lactoferrin exerts these biological actions are not known, but lactoferrin is known to bind to two members of the low-density lipoprotein receptor family, low- density lipoprotein receptor-related proteins 1 (LRP1) and 2(More)
The simple glycerophospholipid lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) acts both as an intermediary in phospholipid metabolism and as an intercellular signaling molecule in its own right. In various cell types, LPA signals through its membrane-bound, G protein-coupled receptors to influence cellular processes such as proliferation, survival, and cytoskeletal function.(More)
Idiopathic hyperphosphatasia is an autosomal recessive bone disease characterized by deformities of long bones, kyphosis and acetabular protrusion, increasing in severity as affected children pass through adolescence. Biochemical and histological evidence indicate that there is extremely rapid bone turnover, with indices of both bone resorption and(More)
We investigated whether the protection from graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) afforded by donor treatment with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) could be enhanced by dose escalation. Donor treatment with human G-CSF prevented GVHD in the B6 --> B6D2F1 murine model in a dose-dependent fashion, and murine G-CSF provided equivalent protection from(More)
Heat shock protein 10 (Hsp10) and heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60) were originally described as essential mitochondrial proteins involved in protein folding. However, both proteins have also been shown to have a number of extracellular immunomodulatory activities. Here we show that purified recombinant human Hsp10 incubated with cells in vitro reduced(More)
Donor treatment with granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) attenuates the ability of donor T cells to induce acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) but increases the severity of chronic GVHD (cGVHD). We investigated the role of the regulatory cytokine transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) in this paradox in well-established murine models of(More)
Invariant natural killer T cells (iNKT cells) have pivotal roles in graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effects. iNKT cells are activated through their T-cell receptors by glycolipid moieties (typically the alpha-galactosylceramide [alpha-GalCer] derivative KRN7000) presented within CD1d. We investigated the ability of modified(More)
We have quantified the relative contribution of donor antigen-presenting cell populations to alloantigen presentation after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) by using transgenic T cells that can respond to host-derived alloantigen presented within the donor major histocompatibility complex. We also used additional transgenic/knockout donor mice and/or(More)
NKT cells have pivotal roles in immune regulation and tumor immunosurveillance. We report that the G-CSF and FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 ligand (Flt-3L) chimeric cytokine, progenipoietin-1, markedly expands the splenic and hepatic NKT cell population and enhances functional responses to alpha-galactosylceramide. In a murine model of allogeneic stem cell(More)