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BACKGROUND Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax are responsible for most of the global burden of malaria. Although the accentuated pathogenicity of P. falciparum occurs because of sequestration of the mature erythrocytic forms in the microvasculature, this phenomenon has not yet been noted in P. vivax. The increasing number of severe manifestations of(More)
In the present study, we evaluate the naturally acquired antibody response to the Plasmodium vivax apical membrane antigen 1 (PvAMA-1), a leading vaccine candidate against malaria. The gene encoding the PvAMA-1 ectodomain region (amino acids 43-487) was cloned by PCR using genomic DNA from a Brazilian individual with patent P. vivax infection. The predicted(More)
The regulation of gene expression by environmental signals, such as temperature and osmolarity, has been correlated with virulence. In this study, we characterize the protein LipL53 from Leptospira interrogans, previously shown to react with serum sample of individual diagnosed with leptospirosis and to be up-regulated by shift to physiological osmolarity.(More)
BACKGROUND Leptospirosis is a multisystem disease caused by pathogenic strains of the genus Leptospira. We have reported that Leptospira are able to bind plasminogen (PLG), to generate active plasmin in the presence of activator, and to degrade purified extracellular matrix fibronectin. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We have now cloned, expressed and(More)
Leptospirosis is a zoonosis of multisystem involvement caused by pathogenic strains of the genus Leptospira. In the last few years, intensive studies aimed at the development of a vaccine have provided important knowledge about the nature of the immunological mechanisms of the host. The purpose of this study was to analyze the immune responses to two(More)
BACKGROUND The naturally-acquired immune response to Plasmodium vivax variant antigens (VIR) was evaluated in individuals exposed to malaria and living in different endemic areas for malaria in the north of Brazil. METHODS Seven recombinant proteins representing four vir subfamilies (A, B, C, and E) obtained from a single patient from the Amazon Region(More)
Pathogenic Leptospira is the aetiological agent of leptospirosis, a life-threatening disease that affects populations worldwide. The search for novel antigens that could be relevant in host-pathogen interactions is being pursued. These antigens have the potential to elicit several activities, including adhesion. This study focused on a hypothetical(More)
Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) are surface receptors present in eukaryotic cells that mediate cell-cell or cell-extracellular matrix interactions. Vascular endothelium stimulation in vitro that lead to the upregulation of CAMs was reported for the pathogenic spirochaetes, including rLIC10365 of Leptospira interrogans. In this study, we report the cloning of(More)
Background Dengue virus nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) is a highly conserved glycoprotein involved in the production of infectious virus and the pathogenesis of dengue disease [1]. Serum or plasma DENV NS1 level has been found to correlate with viremia titer and disease severity. It can be found in the peripheral blood circulation for up to 9 days from(More)