Tatiana Voza

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In this study we present the first systematic analysis of the immunity induced by normal Plasmodium yoelii sporozoites in mice. Immunization with sporozoites, which was conducted under chloroquine treatment to minimize the influence of blood stage parasites, induced a strong protection against a subsequent sporozoite and, to a lesser extent, against(More)
Immunity to malaria has long been thought to be stage-specific. In this study we show that immunization of BALB/c mice with live erythrocytes infected with nonlethal strains of Plasmodium yoelii under curative chloroquine cover conferred protection not only against challenge by blood stage parasites but also against sporozoite challenge. This cross-stage(More)
Recent epidemiological observations suggest that clinical evolution of Plasmodium falciparum infections might be influenced by the concurrent presence of another Plasmodium species, and such mixed-species infections are now known to occur frequently in residents of most areas of endemicity. We used mice infected with P. berghei ANKA (PbA), a model for(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protease inhibitors (PIs) exert inhibitory effects on erythrocytic stages of the human-malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum in vitro and on erythrocytic stages of the rodent-malaria parasite Plasmodium chabaudi in vivo. Although it remains unclear how HIV PIs inhibit the parasite,(More)
Infection with Plasmodium berghei ANKA induces cerebral malaria in susceptible mice. Brain-sequestered CD8(+) T cells are responsible for this pathology. We have evaluated the role of CCR2, a chemokine receptor expressed on CD8(+) T cells. Infected CCR2-deficient mice were as susceptible to cerebral malaria as wild-type mice were, and CD8(+) T-cell(More)
Genes of malaria parasites and other unicellular organisms have larger exons with fewer and smaller introns than metaozoans. Such differences in gene structure are perceived to extend to simpler mechanisms for transcriptional control and mRNA processing. Instead, we discovered a surprisingly complex level of post-transcriptional mRNA processing in analysis(More)
Members of a multigene family in the rodent malaria parasite Plasmodium yoelii yoelii code for 235-kilodalton proteins (Py235) that are located in the merozoite apical complex, are implicated in virulence, and may determine red blood cell specificity. We show that distinct subsets of py235 genes are expressed in sporozoites and hepatic and erythrocytic(More)
Plasmodium sporozoites are inoculated into the skin of the mammalian host as infected mosquitoes probe for blood. A proportion of the inoculum enters the bloodstream and goes to the liver, where the sporozoites invade hepatocytes and develop into the next life cycle stage, the exoerythrocytic, or liver, stage. Here, we show that a small fraction of the(More)
Malaria is initiated when the mosquito introduces sporozoites into the skin of a mammalian host. To successfully continue the infection, sporozoites must invade blood vessels in the dermis and be transported to the liver. A significant number of sporozoites, however, may enter lymphatic vessels in the skin or remain in the skin long after the mosquito bite.(More)
The effects of subcurative doses of chloroquine on rodent and human Plasmodium transmission to the mosquito have been studied by several authors who showed a short-term (12 h) enhancement of gametocyte infectivity by the drug, restricted to chloroquine-resistant strains, and a long term (4-6 days) enhancement of gametocytogenesis of chloroquine-sensitive(More)