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We have identified a region within the ectodomain of the fusogenic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp41, different from the fusion peptide, that interacts strongly with membranes. This conserved sequence, which immediately precedes the transmembrane anchor, is not highly hydrophobic according to the Kyte-Doolittle hydropathy prediction(More)
AIMS Redox homeostasis is critical in regulating the fate and function of multipotent cells in the central nervous system (CNS). Here, we investigated whether low dose charged particle irradiation could elicit oxidative stress in neural stem and precursor cells and whether radiation-induced changes in redox metabolism would coincide with cognitive(More)
PURPOSE To assess helical computed tomography (CT) with contrast material administered intravenously, orally, and rectally (triple contrast helical CT)) in the prospective evaluation of stable patients with abdominal gunshot wounds in whom there is no clinical indication for immediate exploratory laparotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was conducted(More)
The defective clearance of amyloid-beta (Abeta) in the brain of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients is unexplained. The immunohistochemical studies of the frontal lobe and hippocampus show perivascular and intraplaque infiltration by blood-borne macrophages containing intracellular Abeta but only inefficient clearance of beta deposits. Neurons and neuronal(More)
Ionizing irradiation significantly affects hippocampal neurogenesis and is associated with cognitive impairments; these effects may be influenced by an altered microenvironment. Oxidative stress is a factor that has been shown to affect neurogenesis, and one of the protective pathways that deal with such stress involves the antioxidant enzyme superoxide(More)
A new lignin-degrading basidiomycete, strain I-62 (CECT 20197), isolated from decayed wood exhibited both a high dephenolization activity and decolorization capacity when tested on effluents from the sugar cane by-product fermentation industry. It has been classified as a member of the Polyporaceae family. The major ligninolytic activity detected in culture(More)
We have investigated membrane interactions and perturbations induced by NH(2)-DKWASLWNWFNITNWLWYIK-COOH (HIV(c)), representing the membrane interface-partitioning region that precedes the transmembrane anchor of the human immunodeficiency virus type-1 gp41 fusion protein. The HIV(c) peptide bound with high affinity to electrically neutral vesicles composed(More)
In this chapter we shall describe how to apply the hydrophobicity-at-interface scale, as proposed by Wimley and White [Wimley, W. C. and White, S. H. (1996) Nature Struct. Biol. 3:842-848], to the detection of amino acid sequences of viral envelope glycoproteins putatively engaged in interactions with the target membranes. In addition, a new approach will(More)
A family of genes encoding laccases has recently been described for the basidiomycete I-62 (CECT 20197). Transcript levels of genes lcc1, lcc2, and lcc3 were analyzed under four different culture conditions to study their expression patterns. Two of the laccase genes were clearly inducible by veratryl alcohol: the lcc1 gene is inducible in early stages of(More)
LY233569 produced concentration-dependent inhibition of isolated guinea pig 5-lipoxygenase (5-LPO) and 5-LPO activity of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes in vitro; IC50 values were 0.4 and 0.1 microM, respectively. LY233569 also inhibited (IC50 approximately 1.8 microM) zymosan-stimulated production of leukotriene B4 in canine whole blood but had little(More)