Tatiana Morozova

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Alcoholism presents widespread social and human health problems. Alcohol sensitivity, the development of tolerance to alcohol and susceptibility to addiction vary in the population. Genetic factors that predispose to alcoholism remain largely unknown due to extensive genetic and environmental variation in human populations. Drosophila, however, allows(More)
Replicates of the two isogenic laboratory strains of Drosophila melanogaster, 2b and Harwich, contain different average transposable element (TE) copy numbers in the same genetic background. These lines were used to analyze the correlation between TE copy number and fitness. Assuming a weak deleterious effect of each TE insertion, a decrease in fitness is(More)
Identification of risk alleles for human behavioral disorders through genomewide association studies (GWAS) has been hampered by a daunting multiple testing problem. This problem can be circumvented for some phenotypes by combining genomewide studies in model organisms with subsequent candidate gene association analyses in human populations. Here, we(More)
Alcoholism is a complex disorder determined by interactions between genetic and environmental risk factors. Drosophila represents a powerful model system to dissect the genetic architecture of alcohol sensitivity, as large numbers of flies can readily be reared in defined genetic backgrounds and under controlled environmental conditions. Furthermore, flies(More)
Understanding the genetic and environmental factors that affect variation in life span and senescence is of major interest for human health and evolutionary biology. Multiple mechanisms affect longevity, many of which are conserved across species, but the genetic networks underlying each mechanism and cross-talk between networks are unknown. We report the(More)
Epistasis is an important feature of the genetic architecture of quantitative traits, but the dynamics of epistatic interactions in natural populations and the relationship between epistasis and pleiotropy remain poorly understood. Here, we studied the effects of epistatic modifiers that segregate in a wild-derived Drosophila melanogaster population on the(More)
Rich Internet Applications (RIAs) are highly interactive web applications that resemble desktop applications. Modeling RIAs hence requires techniques for web modeling enriched by model elements for powerful user interactions and client-server communications. Many existing approaches provide the required modeling features, but they are still failing short in(More)
The availability of the human genome sequence together with sequenced genomes of several model organisms provides an unprecedented opportunity to utilize comparative genomic approaches for the discovery of genes that contribute to human disease. We have used transgenic flies to establish an experimental paradigm for the discovery of genes that might be(More)
In males of an inbred Drosophila melanogaster line (2b), a significant age dependence of the transposition rate of the retrotransposon copia was noted. Among males of seven different age groups, the lowest transposition rate was detected in 12- to 15-day-old males, and the highest transposition rates were observed in 1-␣to 3- and in 24- to 27-day-old males:(More)
BACKGROUND Glaucoma is the world's second leading cause of bilateral blindness with progressive loss of vision due to retinal ganglion cell death. Myocilin has been associated with congenital glaucoma and 2-4% of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) cases, but the pathogenic mechanisms remain largely unknown. Among several hypotheses, activation of the(More)