Tatiana Michel

Learn More
The antimicrobial defence of Drosophila relies largely on the challenge-induced synthesis of an array of potent antimicrobial peptides by the fat body. The defence against Gram-positive bacteria and natural fungal infections is mediated by the Toll signalling pathway, whereas defence against Gram-negative bacteria is dependent on the Immune deficiency (IMD)(More)
The activation of an immune response requires recognition of microorganisms by host receptors. In drosophila, detection of Gram-positive bacteria is mediated by cooperation between the peptidoglycan-recognition protein-SA (PGRP-SA) and Gram-negative binding protein 1 (GNBP1) proteins. Here we show that some Gram-positive bacterial species activate an immune(More)
Human natural killer (NK) cells can be subdivided into different populations based on the relative expression of the surface markers CD16 and CD56. The two major subsets are CD56(bright) CD16(dim/) (-) and CD56(dim) CD16(+), respectively. In this review, we will focus on the CD56(bright) NK cell subset. These cells are numerically in the minority in(More)
Regulatory T cells (Treg) are key players in the maintenance of peripheral tolerance. As a result of suppressive effects on CD4+ and CD8+ effector T cells, Treg control the adaptive immune system and prevent autoimmunity. In addition, they inhibit B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, and monocytes/macrophages. It is interesting that several recent papers show(More)
Feto-placental vessels lack innervation, hence control of this circulation is dependent on locally produced and circulating vasoactive factors. Functional studies have presented evidence that nitric oxide, a potent vasodilator and platelet anti-aggregating agent, may be generated into the feto-placental circulation, contributing to control of vascular tone.(More)
The interaction between natural killer (NK) cells and different other immune cells like T cells and dendritic cells is well-described, but the crosstalk with monocytes or macrophages and the nature of ligands/receptors implicated are just emerging. The macrophage-NK interaction is a major first-line defense against pathogens (bacteria, viruses, fungi, and(More)
We read with interest the paper by Hanalioglu et al. about two new cases of TAP1 deficiency in Turkey [1]. Apparently the measurement of HLA class Imolecule expression byflow cytometrywas part of the initial immunological work-up and so the diagnosis wasmade quite quickly. It has indeed been recommended repeatedly to include this analysiswhen searching for(More)
The endothelial L-arginine:nitric oxide (NO) system is fundamental to vascular function. It is becoming evident that this system is compromised in aorto-coronary vein grafts, although it is not clear how it is affected. It was postulated that the development of intimal lesions in vein grafts may be associated with reduced expression or loss of endothelial(More)
Regulatory T cells (Treg) are key players in the maintenance of peripheral tolerance. As a result of suppressive effects on CD4 and CD8 effector T cells, Treg control the adaptive immune system and prevent autoimmunity. In addition, they inhibit B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, and monocytes/macrophages. It is interesting that several recent papers show that(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are important effectors of both innate and adaptive immune responses. Although human and mouse NK cells are extensively characterized, much less is known about the rat cells, partly because of the current lack of reliable isolation techniques. We aimed to develop a method for isolating highly pure 'untouched' rat NK cells by(More)