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Regeneration of spinal cord injury (SCI) is a major topic of biomedical research. Laminin is an extracellular matrix protein implicated in neural development and regeneration, but despite that, there are no reports of exogenous laminin contributing to improve the outcome of experimental SCI. Here we investigated whether a biomimetic polymer of laminin(More)
Two-photon fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy was used noninvasively to monitor a fluorescent antigen during macrophage-mediated endocytosis, intracellular vacuolar encapsulation, and protease-dependent processing. Fluorescein-conjugated bovine serum albumin (FITC-BSA) served as the soluble exogenous antigen. As a relatively nonfluorescent probe in(More)
The supramolecular architecture of the basement membrane is provided by two enmeshed networks of collagen IV and laminin. The laminin network is maintained exclusively by interactions among individual laminin molecules and does not depend on the presence of other extracellular matrix components. Laminin polymers can be obtained in vitro either in solution(More)
Laminin, a major component of basement membranes, can self-assemble in vitro into a typical mesh-like structure, according to a mass-action-driven process. Previously, we showed that pH acidification dramatically increased the efficiency of laminin self-assembly, practically abolishing the necessity for a minimal protein concentration. Here we have(More)
Natural laminin matrices are formed on cell membranes by a cooperative process involving laminin self-polymerization and binding to cognate cellular receptors. In a cell-free system, laminin can self-polymerize, given that a minimal critical concentration is achieved. We have previously described that pH acidification renders self-polymerization independent(More)
In the developing nervous system migrating neurons and growing axons are guided by diffusible and/or substrate-bound cues, such as extracellular matrix-associated laminin. In a previous work we demonstrated that laminin molecules could self-assemble in two different manners, giving rise to matrices that could favor either neuritogenesis or proliferation of(More)
Accumulation of trehalose has been implicated in the tolerance of yeast cells to several forms of stress, including heat-shock and high ethanol levels. However, yeast lacking trehalase, the enzyme that degrades trehalose, exhibit poor survival after exposure to stress conditions. This suggests that optimal cell viability also depends on the capacity to(More)
Taking advantage of the unique spectral properties of the fluorescent probe FL-Bodipy, we have developed a new methodology to study processing of exogenous proteins in intact cells. FL-Bodipy was conjugated to bovine serum albumin (BSA) at a molar ratio of 29 probe molecules to 1 albumin equivalent. The resulting conjugate was 98% self-quenched due to(More)
The biological activity of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is modulated by the sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) heparan sulfate and heparin. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in such interactions are still not completely understood. We have proposed previously that helix C, one of the four alpha-helices of human GM-CSF(More)
Cell therapy is a promising strategy to pursue the unmet need for treatment of spinal cord injury (SCI). Although several studies have shown that adult mesenchymal cells contribute to improve the outcomes of SCI, a description of the pro-regenerative events triggered by these cells is still lacking. Here we investigated the regenerative properties of human(More)