Tatiana Lavazza

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The ionic mechanisms underlying the termination of action-potential (AP) bursts and postburst afterhyperpolarization (AHP) in intrinsically bursting (IB) neocortical neurons were investigated by performing intracellular recordings in thin slices of rat sensorimotor cortex. The blockade of Ca(2+)-activated K(+) currents enhanced postburst depolarizing(More)
Knock-out Otx1 mice show brain hypoplasia, spontaneous epileptic seizures and abnormalities of the dorsal region of the neocortex. We investigated structural alterations in excitatory and inhibitory circuits in somatosensory cortex of Otx1(-/-) mice by immunocytochemistry using light, confocal and electron microscopy. Immunostaining for non-phosphorylated(More)
The two approaches presented here bypass postsynaptic receptors as indicators of quantal release, and thus they can provide information which is clearly distinct from that obtained with standard electrophysiological techniques. Indeed, the inherently variable responsiveness of the postsynaptic membrane makes it an unreliable indicator of presynaptic(More)
Knockout Otx1 mice present a microcephalic phenotype mainly due to reduced deep neocortical layers and spontaneous recurrent seizures. We investigated the excitable properties of layer V pyramidal neurons in neocortical slices prepared from Otx1-/- mice and age-matched controls. The qualitative firing properties of the neurons of Otx1-/- mice were identical(More)
PURPOSE The murine homeobox-containing Otx gene is required for correct nervous system and sense organ development. Otx1-/1 mice obtained by replacing Otx with the lac Z gene show developmental abnormalities of the cerebellum, mesencephalon, and cerebral cortex associated with spontaneous epileptic seizures (1). The epileptogenic mechanisms accounting for(More)
Huntington’s disease (HD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, which is characterised by prominent neuronal cell loss in the basal ganglia with motor and cognitive disturbances. One of the most well-studied pharmacological models of HD is produced by local injection in the rat brain striatum of the excitotoxin quinolinic acid (QA), which produces(More)
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