Tatiana I. Lobova

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From 1996 to 1999 heterotrophic bacteria of the brackish-water Lake Shira (Republic of Khakasia, Russia) were studied to understand the seasonal dynamics of their antibiotic resistance. During the winter, these bacteria were represented primarily by forms that could not be cultured and were psychrotolerant. In the summer period, heterotrophic, mesophilic(More)
The study of heterotrophic bacteria isolated from the brackish waters of Lake Shira has shown that some of them contain plasmid pSH1 of approximately 2.7 kb in size. The number of plasmid copies in plasmid-containing strains cultivated at a minimal concentration of sodium chloride is found to be low, whereas the subculturing of these strains at high salt(More)
A study of the horizontal and vertical distribution of heterotrophic bacteria in brackish Lake Shira in summer periods showed that mesophilic bacteria dominated in all areas of the lake, whereas psychrotolerant bacteria dominated in the metalimnion and hypolimnion of its central part. Nonhalophilic bacteria were mostly mesophilic and dominated in coastal(More)
The effect of different concentrations of salts on natural and recombinant strains ofBacillus subtilis andEscherichia coli was studied. The recombinant strain ofB. subtilis was found to be more osmotolerant than the wild-type strain of this bacterium, whereas the opposite situation was observed for the recombinant and wild-type strains ofE. coli. Some salts(More)
The study addresses the effect of abiotic (medium salinity and copper ions) and biotic (interactions between populations) factors on the formation of structured communities by binary associations consisting of halotolerant bacteria (Alcaligenes sp. 1-1 or Acinetobacter sp. 1-19) and a wild-type B. subtilis 2335 strain or a transgenic strain. The results(More)
Resistance to Ampicillin and Kanamycin displayed by heterotrophic bacteria isolated in Summer and in Spring from the littoral and the central parts of Lake Shira (a therapeutic lake in the Khakasia Republic, Russia) has been investigated. It has been found that in Summer, human and animal microflora featuring multiple antibiotic resistance (to Ampicillin(More)
This study concerns the formation of structured communities by monocultures and binary associations of Pseudomonas fluorescens transgenic strains and natural heterotrophic bacterial species in naphthalene-containing media with various osmotic pressures. It was shown that cells of P. fluorescens strain 5RL, harboring a recombinant construct in the(More)
In this work data on heterogeneity in halotolerance and the resistance to antibiotics of heterotrophic bacteria dominating in Lake Shira (Republic of Khakasia, Russia) were presented. It was established that halotolerance of the bacteria is determined by genetic and epigenetic mechanisms. Influence of anthropogenic factor (entering the ecosystem(More)
The role of key environmental factors in adaptation of spore-forming and non-spore-forming transgenic microorganisms (TM) have been studied in model ecosystems. Model TM Escherichia coli Z905 (bearing plasmid genes of bacterial luminescence Ap (r) Lux+) has been found to have a higher adaptation potential than TM Bacillus subtilis 2335/105 (bearing genes of(More)
The copy number of R plasmids weakly depends on the selective pressure of the respective antibiotic but does depend on the physiology of the host species and the type of plasmids and cloned genes, whose expression leads to a further load on the biosynthetic apparatus of cells. The last factor is critical in the maintenance of recombinant plasmids in(More)