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The variance component tests used in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) including large sample sizes become computationally exhaustive when the number of genetic markers is over a few hundred thousand. We present an extremely fast variance components-based two-step method, GRAMMAR-Gamma, developed as an analytical approximation within a framework of the(More)
Alzheimer disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. We conducted a genome screen of 103 patients with late-onset AD who were ascertained as part of the Genetic Research in Isolated Populations (GRIP) program that is conducted in a recently isolated population from the southwestern area of The Netherlands. All patients and their 170 closely related(More)
The E4 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) is a well-established determinant of Alzheimer's disease but its relation to cognitive function is much less understood. We studied the age-specific effects of the APOE*E4 allele on cognitive function and cardiovascular risk factors in 2208 related individuals. APOE*E4 allele was significantly associated(More)
BACKGROUND Depression has a strong genetic component but candidate gene studies conducted to date have not shown consistent associations. METHODS We conducted a genome-wide parametric and nonparametric linkage analysis in a large-scale family-based study including 115 individuals with depression who were identified based on the Hospital Anxiety Depression(More)
BACKGROUND Despite extensive research on the genetic determinants of glaucoma, the genes identified to date explain only a small proportion of cases in the general population. METHODS Genome-wide linkage and association analyses of quantitative traits related to glaucoma were performed: intraocular pressure, size and morphology of the optic disc(More)
For pedigrees with multiple loops, exact likelihoods could not be computed in an acceptable time frame and thus, approximate methods are used. Some of these methods are based on breaking loops and approximations of complex pedigree likelihoods using the exact likelihood of the corresponding zero-loop pedigree. Due to ignoring loops, this method results in a(More)
Natural populations of the arctic fox (Alopex lagopus, Canidae, Carnivora) differ drastically in their reproductive strategy. Coastal foxes, which depend on stable food resources, produce litters of moderate size. Inland foxes feed on small rodents, whose populations are characterized by cycling fluctuation. In the years with low food supply, inland fox(More)
We describe software for multipoint parametric linkage analysis of quantitative traits using information about SNP genotypes. A mixed model of major gene and polygene inheritance is implemented in this software. Implementation of several algorithms to avoid computational underflow and decrease running time permits application of our software to the analysis(More)
In this research we estimated the contribution of a major-gene effect to the control of litter size in hybrids between two local populations of the house musk shrew (Suncus murinus). Segregation analysis was performed on the basis of a mixed polygene and major-gene model. The model presumes that two parental populations may differ from each other in gene(More)
Crucial to our understanding of chromosomal variation and evolution in mammals are detailed studies of chromosomal heterozygotes, with analyses of chromosomal segregation and chromosome-derived infertility. We studied segregation and fertility in hybrids between karyotypic races of the house musk shrew Suncus murinus. These individuals were heterozygous for(More)