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Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are a major public health concern as they are the leading cause of death in developed countries. Primary care is considered to be the ideal setting for CVD prevention. Therefore, more than 4,000 German primary care physicians (PCPs) were asked about their attitudes towards and their activities regarding the prevention of CVD in(More)
BACKGROUND In physical activity (PA) counseling, primary care physicians (PCPs) play a key role because they are in regular contact with large sections of the population and are important contact people in all health-related issues. However, little is known about their attitudes, knowledge, and perceived success, as well as about factors associated with the(More)
BACKGROUND Primary care physicians (PCPs) play an important role in the promotion of healthy dietary behaviour. However, little is known about the practice of and factors associated with the provision of dietary counselling in primary health care in Germany. OBJECTIVES To explore the attitudes towards and factors associated with the routine provision of(More)
AIMS In Germany, shortages in primary care physicians (PCPs) were reported in some rural regions. In this paper, we explored if regional differences in the distribution of PCPs are associated with the provision of lifestyle counseling in primary care. METHODS In a nationwide study, a total of 4,074 randomly selected PCPs were asked about provision of(More)
BACKGROUND Primary care physicians (PCPs) have a key role in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). However, it is not clear whether lifestyle counselling behaviour differs between female and male PCPs. Nonetheless, this information might be helpful to develop need-based advanced training for female and male PCPs. Therefore, our aim was to(More)
OBJECTIVE to explore pregnant women's experiences with the recently implemented screening for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). DESIGN qualitative study. SETTING Rhine-Neckar Metropolitan region, Germany. PARTICIPANTS 20 pregnant women aged 27-41 years (mean: 32.6 years) who were at least in gestational week 29, i.e., those who should have already(More)
BACKGROUND In March 2012, the screening for gestational diabetes was included as a 2-step screening into the German maternity directive. However, up to now it is unclear what resident gynaecologists, who are affected directly by this change in the maternity directive, think about the inclusion of the screening and the kind of screening introduced. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence suggests that indoor tanning (IT) may have addictive properties. However, many instruments for measuring IT addiction show poor validity and reliability. Recently, a new instrument, the Behavioral Addiction Indoor Tanning Screener (BAITS), has been developed. OBJECTIVES Our aim was to test validity and reliability of the BAITS by using(More)
Adequate nutrient intake during early childhood is of particular importance for optimal growth and future health. However, cross-national comparative research on nutrient intake of toddlers is still limited. We conducted a literature review to examine the nutrient intake in healthy toddlers from some of the world's most populous nations currently on(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The National Cancer Aid Monitoring of Tanning Bed Use (NCAM) project is a major German study that aims to observe the most significant risk factors for skin cancer: natural sunlight and artificial UV radiation. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS NCAM is a nationwide cross-sectional survey that will initially involve four rounds of data(More)